World Literature Review

Pulmonary Hypertension in HD Patients Increases Death Risk

Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) independently predicts greater mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients, Israeli researchers report.

Hip-Fracture-Related Death Linked to CKD in the Elderly

Among older individuals, an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) below 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 is associated with a nearly twofold increased risk of hip-fracture-related mortality, according to British researchers.

Intermittent Hormonal Therapy for PCa May Have Benefits

Intermittent hormonal therapy (IHT) for men with locally advanced and metastatic prostate cancer is associated with no reduction in disease progression or survival, according to a European study.

Fatal Infections Probed in Pediatric LN Patients

Prior history of treatment with pulse methylprednisolone may increase the risk of fatal infection in pediatric lupus nephritis (LN) patients treated with IV cyclophosphamide (IVCY), researchers reported.

Pulse Pressure, Death Risk Linked in PD Patients

Elevated pulse pressure is associated with an increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular death in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), according to a Canadian study.

CRP May Predict Survival in Metastatic RCC Patients

Pretreatment C-reactive protein (CRP) levels can be a prognostic marker for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), a Japanese study suggests.

Sudden Death Risk Factors in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients Identified

Recent blood transfusions, male gender, and diabetes mellitus are independently associated with an increased risk of sudden death in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), a Chinese study concluded.

Recovery of Sexual Function Possible After Cryosurgery for PCa

Among prostate cancer patients who had no erectile dysfunction (ED) before undergoing cryosurgery, more than one third recovered full sexual function two years post-operatively, a British study found.

Postlithotripsy Agents Improve Stone Outcomes

Medical expulsive therapy (MET) following shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) results in a significant increase in successful treatment outcomes, according to Canadian researchers.

Hypertension, Acid Excretion Are Linked in Stone Formers

Kidney stone formers with essential hypertension have increased acid excretion, Italian researchers reported.

Urological Complications Not a Factor in Graft Survival

Urological complications occur frequently following transplantation of deceased cardiac donor (DCD) kidneys but do not affect graft survival, researchers in the Netherlands have concluded.

Urethral Strictures After HDR Brachytherapy Characterized

Bulbomembranous (BM) urethral strictures are the most common grade 2 or higher urinary toxicity following high dose rate brachytherapy (HDRB), according to Australian investigators.

Two Modes of Acupuncture May Work for Hot Flushes

Two modes of acupuncture appear to decrease the number and distress of hot flushes in men receiving castrational treatment for prostate cancer, according to a Swedish study.

Adjuvant Radiotherapy Found Not to Improve PCa Survival

Adjuvant radiotherapy following radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer has no effect on overall and cancer-specific survival, a Canadian team reports.

Chemokine Is Identified as a Marker for Acute Rejection

Measuring levels of the chemokine fractalkine in the urine is a noninvasive way to detect acute rejection of renal allografts, according to Chinese investigators. High levels are associated with steroid resistance and poor outcome.

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