Urology News Archive
Findings based on survey of women with advanced cancer and dependent children.
Canadian study shows that nearly all men undergoing radical prostatectomy in Eastern Ontario in recent years have clinically significant prostate cancer.
Men with Gleason score (GS) 4+3 prostate cancer have a 3-fold higher risk of distant metastasis at diagnosis than those with GS 3+4 PCa.
Brief bedside session associated with improved positive mood, pain scores and decreased anxiety
Obese men with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer have a 21% decreased risk of death compared with normal weight men, according to a study.
Spermatogenesis often occurs away from tumor; findings may aid fertility planning, sperm retrieval.
Dementia link seen with antidepressant, urological, and anti-Parkinson's drugs.
In a study of women with uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections, 70% of patients treated with nitrofurantoin had complete symptom resolution at 28 days vs 58% of those treated with fosfomycin.
Findings for both men and women with a false-positive prostate or breast cancer test result.
Thicker bladder wall and a tower-shaped curve on uroflowmetry are associated with shorter healing periods among pediatric patients with overactive bladder.
Doctors who receive general payment for cancer drug more likely to prescribe drug marketed by company.
Drop in ZIKV RNA shedding in semen seen within 3 months after illness onset but can persist longer.
More cancer survivors prescribed 5 or more unique medications, including those with abuse potential
No significant differences between peri-op behavioral muscle training and usual care at 5 years
Increased incidence of malignant disease, specifically prostate, melanoma, pancreas, breast cancers
Calculator reduces testing and decreases the number of urinary tract infections that were missed
Sexual dysfunction was a chief complaint among survey respondents with prostate cancer.
More patients taking desmopressin decreased their nightly voiding episodes by half or more.
One-year overall survival of 61% for gemcitabine and cisplatin plus ipilimumab.
Clinicians' choice of treatment highly correlated with a diagnosis based on urodynamic studies.
The new guidelines focus on accurate assessment and proper monitoring.
At least half of women using tibial nerve stimulation or pelvic floor muscle training experienced fewer night awakenings, according to a new study.
An evaluation of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma revealed greater risk of death for female patients with high relative visceral fat area (rVFA), highlighting the significance of metabolic differences between men and women.
Majority say they want to know about even minor consequences of cancer drug substitutions
Myocarditis with ICIs may be more common than initially thought; responds to higher steroid dosages
A novel component of an interventional program was cognitive-behavioral counseling administered in a group setting to promote behavioral change.
HTN, increased LDL and total cholesterol levels; lower rates of decreased HDL levels, abdominal fat
In a study, race independently predicted prostate cancer-specific mortality beyond a number of risk factors, including health insurance status.
Teen high consumers of food outside the home had 55% higher androgen-disruptor levels.
The risk of dying from pT1a renal cell carcinoma after partial or radical nephrectomy increases along with patient age.
Low-dose AA with low-fat breakfast had greater effect on PSA; similar effect to standard dose
When combined with cytology, UroSEEK detected 95% of patients who developed bladder cancer
Low physical activity may increase risk of lower urinary tract symptoms in study of Korean men
Most women receive 6 weeks or less of maternity leave; most feel leave duration is inadequate.
Perioperative aspirin use should not be considered an absolute contraindication to radical prostatectomy (RP).
Poorer ratings seen with increase in Medicare patient load, with rating lowered by 0.04 per 100 patients.
Among intermediate- and poor-risk patients, the risk for death was 37% lower with nivolumab plus ipilimumab than with sunitinib.
Strongest associations found for lung and colorectal cancer
New study shows that men are at lower risk of prostate cancer for years after they stop taking the medication.
A previous study showed that using 5-ARIs to treat benign prostate hyperplasia decreased the risk of low-grade PCa.
No evidence for circulating tumor DNA assays in early-stage cancer, residual disease detection
Screening and treating all healthy men older than 65 years with testosterone is discouraged.
Low sperm counts linked to hypogonadism, higher BMI, hypertension, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome
Unapproved erectile dysfunction drugs are touted as a "healthy man alternative to the little blue pill."
Dimethandrolone undecanoate lowers testosterone; well tolerated, mild effects of weight gain, lower HDL
Researchers observed reductions in biochemical failure and distant metastasis rates in patients who had dose-escalated radiation therapy.
VR effective for reducing pain and distress of even extremely painful procedures
Pharmacologic prophylaxis should be considered unless an absolute contraindication exists.
Among patients with short-term peripherally inserted central catheter, about 1 in 10 has a complication
Metabolic syndrome and smoking are associated with 2.5- and 1.7-fold increased odds of moderate or severe nocturia in men with BPH/LUTS.
Inverse correlation for plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration with total cancer, liver cancer
In a study, men with sleep disorders were 23% and 27% more likely to report nocturia and daytime LUTS than men without sleep disorders.
NCCN recommended 47 FDA-approved drugs for 113 indications; 39% were extra recommendations
Pregnant women with vs without a history of nephrolithiasis are more likely to experience gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.
Individuals who had a stroke or transient ischemic attack at age 60 to 64 had a 2-fold higher risk of UUI at age 68 years, a British study found.
However, mortality higher with conservative therapy in locally advanced, non-metastatic prostate cancer.
Findings from a large study of men in the United Kingdom do not support single PSA testing for population-based screening.
In a study, extremely dose-escalated radiotherapy combined with androgen deprivation therapy offered the best cancer-specific survival among men with Gleason 9-10 prostate cancer.
At baseline, women reported an average of 3.9 urgency incontinence episodes per day and 1.3 episodes of nocturia per night.
A large study of middle-aged men found that testosterone replacement therapy is associated with a small but significant decrease in cardiovascular risk and an increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea.
Overall treatment success occurred in 98.4% of patients receiving meropenem-vaborbactam vs 94% for those receiving piperacillin-tazobactam.
Two-year recurrence-free survival was 100% vs 95.2% among robotic surgery and radiofrequency ablation patients, respectively.
In a 12-month study, men with prostate cancer treated with ADT reported more nocturia episodes than men with prostate cancer treated with prostatectomy alone and men with no history of cancer.
In multivariable analyses, CKD stage G3b or higher was significantly associated with worse progression-free and cancer-specific survival.
Better reimbursement at hospital outpatient depts, even though drug-level costs lower in doctor's office
Not reliable predictor of adverse outcomes in those under active surveillance; less variability over time
Patients more likely to dispose of unused opioids after getting information and recommendations
Multiparametic MRI findings added to conventional clinical predictors decreases the number of false-positive biopsy results without increasing the number of clinically significant tumors left undiagnosed, study finds.
Reductions seen in fatigue symptom severity and fatigue-related quality of life disruption
Many young adult cancer survivors do not follow up properly, independent of disease type or insurance.
The increase included both symptomatic and asymptomatic kidney stones
Model includes 4 prognostic categories with clinical consequences to predict median survival.
Apalutamide prolonged metastasis-free survival by 2 years compared with placebo.
Model, based on 6 factors, predicts overall survival for patients treated with atezolizumab
Appears to be a cost-effective strategy for patients with small size, stage pTa or pT1a recurrent tumors
In a 3-year study, toxic effects of atezolizumab remained manageable and responses durable.
Trials sponsored by academic investigators, cooperative groups more likely to use these criteria
Study results serve as a caution against relying on ureteroscopic biopsy to establish tumor grade and stage, researchers say.
Multiparametric MRI has high positive and negative predictive values for extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle invasion, lymph node involvement, and high-risk Gleason score.
Nicotine and nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone enhance mutational susceptibility in human cells.
The technology facilitates teaching of advanced surgical skills, delivery of care to underserved
The investigators observed no difference in mortality between BT alone and BT plus ADT and/or EBRT supplemental therapy.
A Charlson Comorbidity Index score of 2 or higher is an independent risk factor for urinary tract infections within 90 days following radical cystectomy for bladder cancer, study finds.
Men using allopurinol had a 22% lower risk of a BPH diagnosis.
An Irish study found that 34.8% and 38.7% of nulliparous women experienced urine leakage before and during pregnancy, respectively.
For renal calculi 5 to 20 mm in diameter, treatment with flexible ureterorenoscopy was associated with higher stone-free and freedom from reintervention rates vs ESWL.
No significant effect for rosuvastatin, CandHCTZ, or both versus placebo in men aged 55 years.
Mortality after elective surgery increases in graded manner as day of surgery approaches weekend.
In a study, the 17-year prostate cancer-specific and biochemical failure-free survival rates were 97% and 79%, respectively.
Diffusion-weighted imaging and use of higher field strengths further improve accuracy.
Adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with lower risks for biochemical failure and distant metastases and increased overall survival in patients with adverse pathologic features found after radical prostatectomy.
Men with greater handgrip strength have a lower risk of erectile dysfunction (ED), new findings suggest.
The locoregional recurrence-free survival rate at 2 years was significantly higher for patients treated with chemotherapy plus RT versus those treated with chemotherapy alone.
Following radical prostatectomy, higher BMI increases risk of recurrence for prostate cancer.
Erectile function among men with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction improved significantly after 6 weeks of treatment with an aspirin dosage of 100 mg/day.
Patients on hemodialysis who undergo radical cystectomy for bladder cancer have 30-day and 5-year mortality rates of 9.3% and 87.9%, respectively, study finds.
Nitrofurantoin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prescribed first trimester despite ACOG recs.
Persistent symptoms, comorbidities, leisure-time physical activity, financial challenges deemed key factors
Renal and Urology News Articles
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NEPHROLOGY & UROLOGY NEWS
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