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adrenal gland

The Adrenal Gland: The Forgotten Urologic Organ

The adrenal glands are easilyoverlooked. Distinguishedanatomists from centuries agosuch as Aelius Galen, Leonardo daVinci, and Andreas Vesalius omittedthe adrenals in their early descriptionsof the retroperitoneum. The criticalimportance of the adrenal gland wasrecognized in the mid-19th centuryby Thomas Addison and CharlesÉdouardBrown-Séquard, who demonstratedthat bilateral adrenalectomyuniformly resulted in death. This ledto the discovery and isolation of adrenaline,…

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