Figure 1. Parathyroid scan of the patient shows focal increased activity posterior to the lower pole of the right thyroid lobe.

An ESRD Patient With Uncontrolled Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

This is a case involving a 64-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to lupus nephritis who has been on hemodialysis for 7 years. She also has dementia, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea on CPAP, and stage 1 non-small cell lung cancer post wedge resection. Over the past 12 months, her secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) has…

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