Higher treatment success rate found with 60 rather than 120 shocks per minute.
Taken during dialysis sessions, they improve survival and reduce the rate of hospitalizations, study finds.
Researchers observe increased likelihood of lung, urinary, and colorectal malignancies.
Elevated post-dialysis circulating cell-free DNA independently associated with increased all-cause mortality.
Researchers observe no increased risk with excessive surges, contrary to earlier studies.