Researchers found increasing use of ureteroscopy and decreasing use of shock wave lithotripsy.
Heart failure, myocardial infarction, or stroke also increase the risk of death prior to ESRD.
Delayed graft function is 41% more likely in obese than non-obese kidney transplant recipients.
Other oral hypoglycemic agents have no effect on the risk.
Increasing ASA scores are associated with an increasing likelihood of post-operative acute kidney injury.
Highest survival rates found among patients whose initial dialysis modality was PD but where then switched to hemodialysis.
A nearly 5-fold higher risk of Clostridium difficile infection observed in patients with end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis.