Uric acid and struvite stones are more likely to recur than calcium oxalate stones, according to a study.
Compared with whites, blacks, and Hispanics, Middle Easterners are more likely to have predominantly calcium oxalate monohydrate stones, but less likely to have hydroxyapatite stones.
Researchers find a higher incidence of clinically diagnosed urinary stones among men receiving testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) vs matched controls not on TRT.
In a study, initial treatment with ketorolac vs an opioid was associated with a shorter stay in the emergency department and lower likelihood of hospital admission.
Both younger age and more recent exposure to some antibiotics were associated with greater risks for kidney stones.
According to the EDGE Research consortium, both techniques should be in the armamentarium of the urologist.
In a large study, tamsulosin use was not associated with a significant improvement in spontaneous stone passage rates compared with placebo among patients with acute ureteric colic.
Pregnant women with vs without a history of nephrolithiasis are more likely to experience gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.
The increase included both symptomatic and asymptomatic kidney stones
For renal calculi 5 to 20 mm in diameter, treatment with flexible ureterorenoscopy was associated with higher stone-free and freedom from reintervention rates vs ESWL.
Patients with versus without a history of urinary calculi had nearly 2-fold greater odds of bladder cancer, meta-analysis showed.
Alpha blocker treatment resulted in a higher stone expulsion rate versus placebo in patients with distal ureteral stones larger than 5 mm in maximum diameter, study finds.
Complication rates were no higher with point-of-care ultrasound than CT.
Likelihood of stone formation increases with higher calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate relative supersaturation.
Recurrent, but not first-time, symptomatic kidney stone formers are at elevated risk for end-stage renal disease and death.
New study may redefine the "stone belt" in the United States.
Radiation dose area product fell from 318.4 to 6.4 cGy/cm2 over the study period.
However, higher stone-free rates were found with laparoscopic ureterolithotomy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
Nephrolithiasis developed in 18,777 healthy men during 1,184,654 person-years of follow-up.
Differences in the effect of heat on evaporative water loss may help explain the disparity in kidney stone risk between men and women.
A single-center study found that most staghorn stones have a metabolic composition rather than an infectious cause.
Likelihood of stone passage in patients on medical expulsive therapy is based on variables such as stone size and location and white blood cell count.
Finding could explain the association between obesity and diabetes and the development of kidney stones.
Adult patients with horseshoe kidneys have an estimated kidney stone incidence of 59%.
Whether all recurrent stone formers benefit from 24-hour urine collection has not been established.
Patients with multiple sclerosis are more likely to form calcium phosphate stones and struvite stones.
Researchers suggest that early treatment of some ureteral stones is preferable.
Formal ultrasonography by a radiologist may encourage less computerized tomography preoperatively.
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