Measles has been in the news recently because of an ongoing outbreak of the disease linked to Disneyland in California. So far, 102 individuals from 14 states were reported to have measles from January 1 to January 30, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
After the measles vaccine was introduced in 1963, the number of cases in subsequent years plummeted dramatically. In 1978, the CDC set a goal to eliminate measles from the United States by 1982, according to the agency’s website. This goal was not met, but widespread use of measles vaccine dramatically decreased disease rates. By 1981, the number of reported measles cases was 80% less compared with the previous year. Measles was declared eliminated from the United States in 2000.
Although outbreaks happen from time to time, vaccination has turned measles into a relatively rare disease in the United States, such that many doctors probably have never seen a case.
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