Every day, more than 90 Americans die after overdosing on opioids, whether legal pain relievers or illegal drugs. About 1 in 1111 patients who undergo urologic surgery experience opioid dependence or overdose, according to a Journal of Urology study.


  1. Opioid abuse following urologic surgery documented. Loyola University Health System; May 30, 2017. [news release]
  2. Shah AS, Blackwell RH, Kuo PC, and Gupta GN. Rates and Risk Factors for Opioid Dependence and Overdose After Urologic Surgery. J Urol doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2017.05.037