(HealthDay News) — New oncology therapies generally are approved more quickly in the United States than in Europe, according to a study published online in JAMA Network Open.

Mark P. Lythgoe, MBBS, from Imperial College London, and colleagues analyzed differences in approval timings and review speed between new cancer therapy approvals by the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency (EMA). Analysis included 89 new oncology therapies approved by both the FDA and the EMA from 2010 to 2019.

The researchers found that the FDA approved 85 oncology therapies (95%) before European authorization and 4 therapies after. In Europe, the median delay in market authorization for new oncology therapies was 241 days. For the FDA, the median review time was 200 days, compared to 426 days for the EMA. More new licensing applications were submitted to the FDA first versus the EMA (64 vs 21). Prior to pivotal study publication, the FDA approved 35 oncology therapies, compared to 8 approved by the EMA.


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“The past decade has seen record numbers of new oncology therapy authorizations in the US and Europe,” the authors write. “It is critical that medicine regulators undertake rigorous scientific review of all new therapies to ensure efficacy, safety, and public confidence in cancer medicines.”

Several authors disclosed financial ties to pharmaceutical companies.

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