The global 2013 estimate of diabetes mellitus prevalence among adults (aged 20–79 years) was 8.3%, affecting 382 million adults in the world and 6.6% in the UK. Between 2010 and 2030, the number of adults with diabetes in developing countries is expected to increase by 69%, and by 20% in developed countries. In 2012, more than 400,000 cases of urinary bladder cancer (UBC) occurred worldwide, making it the seventh most common type of cancer. It is more frequent in men than in women, and age is now widely accepted as the greatest single risk factor for developing UBC. Cigarette smoking and specific occupational exposures, such as carcinogenic dyes for painters and some genetic polymorphisms, are the other main known causes of UBC…read more

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