Black men undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) were 33% less likely to use a high-volume surgeon and 27% less likely to undergo the operation in a high-volume hospital than were white men in an analysis of data from 105,972 RP patients in all nonfederal hospitals in Florida, Maryland, and New York from 1996 to 2007.

Daniel A. Barocas, MD, MPH, and co-investigators also noted in an online report in The Journal of Urology that black men also had a 1.7 times increased risk of dying in the hospital compared with whites. They also were more likely to require blood transfusions and to have longer hospital lengths of stay.