Urologic malignancy is the most common cause of hematuria following renal transplantation, according to an investigation conducted in Taiwan.

In a study of 189 patients, 44 (23.3%) experienced 45 episodes of hematuria—32 (71%) had microhematuria and 13 (29%) had gross hematuria—during routine monthly follow-up, researchers reported in Transplant International (2008; published online ahead of print).

The hematuria was due to urologic malignancy in 42.2% of patients. The next most common cause was UTIs (24.5%).

Continue Reading