(HealthDay News) — For men, binge drinking is associated with increased systolic blood pressure and any drinking is associated with an increased relative risk of hypertension, according to 2 studies published online in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Mariann R. Piano, PhD, RN, from Vanderbilt University School of Nursing in Nashville, Tennessee, and colleagues analyzed data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for adults aged 18 to 45 years who were non-binge drinkers, binge drank 1 to 12 times, or binge drank more than 12 times in the past year. After controlling for diet and physical activity, the researchers found that compared with non-binge drinkers, both categories of male binge drinkers had higher systolic blood pressure (121.8 and 119 vs 117.5 mm Hg) and total cholesterol (215.5 and 217.9 vs 207.8 mg/dL). There were no effects of binge drinking on total cholesterol or systolic blood pressure in women.
Michael Roerecke, PhD, from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto and colleagues examined the correlation between average alcohol consumption and incidence of hypertension among individuals without hypertension. Data were included from 20 articles with 361,254 participants and 90,160 incident cases of hypertension. The researchers found that the incidence of hypertension differed between men and women among individuals drinking 1 to 2 drinks per day (relative risk women vs men = 0.79). In men, the relative risks for hypertension were 1.19, 1.51, and 1.74, respectively, for intake of 1 to 2, 3 to 4, and 5 or more standard drinks per day compared with abstainers.
“Any alcohol consumption was associated with an increase in the risk for hypertension in men,” Roerecke and colleagues write.
One author from the Roerecke study disclosed ties to the pharmaceutical industry.
Piano MR, Burke L, Kang M, and Phillips SA. Effects of Repeated Binge Drinking on Blood Pressure Levels and Other Cardiovascular Health Metrics in Young Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011‐2014. J Am Heart Assoc. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.118.008733
Roerecke M, Tobe SW, Kaczorowski J, et al. Sex‐Specific Associations Between Alcohol Consumption and Incidence of Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis of Cohort Studies. J Am Heart Assoc. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.008202