Absolute rate differences in complications were low between patients with kidney failure and those with normal kidney function.
Creatinine increases exceeding 10% within 2 months of initiating renin angiotensin system inhibitors were consistently associated with greater risks.
However, significant racial disparities exist and persist across all hospital subtypes
Between 1996 and 2013, approximately 21% of seniors, 27% of younger adults, and 16% of children with end-stage renal disease had hospitalizations with psychiatric diagnoses.
Heterogeneity in risk observed according to geographic region
Compared with other causes of end-stage renal disease, membranous nephropathy is associated with superior survival on dialysis and following kidney transplantation, investigators reported.
Prediabetes at 12 months following transplantation was associated with a 2.1-fold increased risk of cardiovascular events beyond 12 months compared with the absence of prediabetes.
Kidney transplant recipients with low muscle strength, compared with those who had normal muscle strength, had a nearly 2.5-fold increased risk of a composite of mortality and hospitalization, a study found.
Intensive blood pressure control is associated with decreased risks of ESRD death in some subgroups of hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease, a study found.
In a population-based study, the risk for kidney failure was 5-fold higher among women with preeclampsia, independent of diagnosed pre-pregnancy chronic kidney disease, diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease.