The risk of death is much higher than that of kidney failure among patients with stage 4 chronic kidney disease who are aged 75 years or older.
Kidney microstructural features appear predictive of progressive CKD and mortality following radical nephrectomy.
Compared with children starting dialysis in 1995, those starting dialysis after 2006 had a significant 26% decreased risk of dying from cardiovascular causes in adjusted analyses.
Those with higher-risk episodes for ESRD as young adults had poorer cognitive performance at midlife.
Investigators highlight the importance of preoperative renal biopsy to rule out an indolent or benign tumor in patients with stage 4 CKD.
Each 1-unit reduction in log-transformed urinary protein-creatinine ratio in patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is associated with a 77% decreased risk of end-stage kidney disease, a study found.
The ESAS-r:Renal questionnaire improved symptom assessment of patients on hemodialysis but had little if any effect on symptom management, a study found.
Understanding and addressing the disparities will be important in preparing for future vaccination programs for other viral diseases, including COVID-19, researchers say.
Onset at younger age with longer diabetes duration may add to risk for end-stage kidney disease.
Gradual transition to dialysis and palliative dialysis should be alternatives offered to patients with advanced chronic kidney disease, according to an editorial.