Diabetic women on dialysis had a strikingly higher mortality risk than their diabetic male counterparts in a recent study published in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (2011;26:270-276).

The 958 men and 619 women (average age, 59 years) beginning dialysis therapy had similar mortality rates over five years of follow-up, despite the women having an almost twofold-lower baseline prevalence of cardiovascular disease.

However, diabetes was more prevalent among the women. Compared with women without diabetes, women with diabetes had a threefold increased risk of death and men had a twofold increased risk.

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