Common risk factors found in the lifestyle choices of young people aged 17 to 24 can lead to the development of diabetes mellitus, according to new research.
Beatriz Torres Flores, PhD, and colleagues at the Center for Research and Health Services at the University of Veracruz in Mexico observed the habits of their students for 25 years as part of their Lifestyles Nutrition Students and Risk of Type II Diabetes study.
They found that, in young people, risk factors such as lack of physical activity, psychological stress and skipping breakfast were common. About 37% of their student population was overweight or obese. These measurements combined lead to the development of diabetes.
“Although we know that there are people genetically predisposed to develop diseases such as diabetes, improving food culture as habits of the students is an option that would contribute to stopping the development of the disease,” said Dr. Flores.
“We find college students with glucose levels over 100 or blood pressure over 120, clearly some of these cases represent a risk of developing a chronic degenerative disease.”
Research performed by the University of Veracruz (UV), in the east coast of Mexico, called Lifestyles Nutrition Students and Risk of Type II Diabetes, showed that the lifestyle choices of young people between 17 and 24 years of age could pose a risk for developing diseases such as diabetes mellitus. Such risk factors include lack of physical activity, mild psychological stress, and skipping breakfast. Mild psychological stress develops due to bad sleeping habits and tension.
Furthermore, the omission of breakfast promotes metabolic stress among students, and according to specialists from the Mexican Diabetes Federation leads the body to believe that no food will be consumed in the short term, adapting to conserve energy and thus creating a gain in weight.