(HealthDay News) — A pattern of higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with increased odds of chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Casey M. Rebholz, PhD, MPH, from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, and colleagues conducted a prospective analysis in the Jackson Heart Study, a cohort of African-American men and women. A food frequency questionnaire was administered at baseline (2000 to 2004) to assess beverage intake. The correlation of individual beverage consumption and beverage consumption patterns with incident CKD was examined.

The researchers found that 6% of the 3003 participants developed incident CKD during a median follow-up of 8 years. A principal components analysis-derived beverage pattern consisting of higher consumption of soda, sweetened fruit drinks, and water was correlated with significantly increased odds of incident CKD after adjustment for confounding variables, including baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (odds ratio, tertile 3 vs 1: 1.61).

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“These results contribute to the growing body of literature elucidating the negative health consequences of consuming sugar-sweetened beverages,” the authors write. “Patterns of beverage consumption may better reflect this dietary behavior and be more informative when studying their relationship with disease outcomes than individual beverages.”

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Rebholz CM, Young BA, Katz R, et al. Patterns of Beverages Consumed and Risk of Incident Kidney Disease. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. December 2018, CJN.06380518; DOI:10.2215/CJN.06380518

Sunwold D. Diet and Risk for Developing Kidney Disease. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. December 2018, CJN.13601118; DOI:10.2215/CJN.13601118