Background and objective Three screening approaches were compared for their ability to detect CKD cases, and identify patients with CKD who have a higher rate of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and renal function decline. Approach 1 was the traditional CKD screening approach, targeting only individuals with known diabetes, hypertension, or CVD history. Approach 2 was defined as Approach 1+elderly, and Approach 3 as Approach 1+low–socioeconomic status (SES) individuals.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements Data on 3411 individuals from the general population in The Netherlands were examined.

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