Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is significantly more prevalent among patients who have undergone successful extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) than among healthy individuals, a Japanese study found.

Satoshi Maeda, MD, of Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional study that included 114 patients who underwent ESWL for upper urinary tact stones and 96 age- and gender-matched health control subjects.

The researchers found CKD in 40 ESWL patients (35.1%) and nine controls (9.4%), a significant difference between study arms, according to data published online in Molecular Medicine Reports. Significant factors associated with the presence of CKD were increased body mass index and the presence of a ureteric stone prior to ESWL.

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