Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients undergoing hemodialysis experience greater quality of life and lower mortality rates with regular aerobic exercise, according to a recent study publish in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
In a prospective cohort study, Antonio Alberto Lopes, MD, PhD, of the Department of Internal Medicine at Federal University of Bahia in Brazil and fellow researchers looked at patient information from dialysis centers in 12 countries.
The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) included a total of 11,733 patients. Among them, 5,763 patients completed questionnaires related to physical activity.
The researchers found that physically active patients had a lower rate of comorbid conditions, spent more time on dialysis and were younger compared to patients who did not complete physical activity questionnaires.
Lower mortality was also correlated with aerobic exercise. Compared to patients who were never or rarely physically active, those who were very active had a 40% reduced risk, sometimes active had a 16% reduced risk, and infrequently active had an 11% reduced risk. The same correlation was observed in symptoms of depression.
“Our findings provide further support to the promotion of physical activity programs in hemodialysis units,” Dr. Lopes concluded.
Hemodialysis patients who exercised aerobically had greater health-related quality of life and lower rates of depression symptoms and mortality according to a prospective cohort study involving dialysis centers in 12 countries.
“Our findings provide further support to the promotion of physical activity programs in hemodialysis units,” write Antonio Alberto Lopes, MD, PhD, from the Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil, and colleagues.