(HealthDay News) — Patient-provider gender concordance may influence patient outcomes for heart disease, but gender concordance has less effect on patient preference, according to a review published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Emily S. Lau, MD, from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues from the Cardiovascular Disease in Women Section of the American College of Cardiology conducted a systematic literature review to examine the association of patient-physician gender concordance with patient outcomes and preferences.

The researchers identified 13 eligible studies. Of the 8 that examined patient outcomes, 6 revealed that patient-provider gender concordance influenced clinical outcomes. Among the 5 that studied patient preferences, only 2 demonstrated an association between gender concordance and patient behavior. No studies were randomized controlled studies. To achieve better gender concordance in clinical practice, the group recommends increasing gender diversity in the physician workforce, improving sex- and gender-specific medical training, and increasing research on the role of gender in patient-physician relationships and patient outcomes.


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“How patient-physician gender concordance influences patient outcomes is not well understood, especially among patients with cardiovascular disease,” the authors write.

Reference

Lau ES, Hayes SN, Santos Volgman A, et al. Does patient-physician gender concordance influence patient perceptions or outcomes? J Am Coll Cardiol.