(HealthDay News) — The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is 48.0% in adults in the United States based on 2013 to 2016 data, according to a report published online in Circulation.

Emelia J. Benjamin, MD, from the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, and colleagues compiled up-to-date statistics relating to heart disease, stroke, and 7 cardiovascular risk factors.

According to the report, the prevalence of CVD was 48.0% overall (121.5 million in 2016) based on data from 2013 to 2016. Coronary heart disease accounted for about 13% of deaths in 2016, while stroke accounted for 1 in every 19 deaths. In terms of risk factors, in 2016, 15.5% of adults were current smokers, while 5.3% of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years reported using tobacco products and 3.4% had smoked cigarettes in the previous month. More than one-quarter (26.9%) of adults did not engage in leisure-time physical activity in 2016; only 27.1% of students in grades 9 to 12 met the recommended level of exercise in 2015. Although nutrition has improved in recent years, the prevalence of obesity has increased. Based on data from 2013 to 2016, 46.0% of US adults have hypertension; 82,735 deaths were primarily attributable to high blood pressure in 2016.

These data “hold us accountable and help us chart our progress and determine if and how we need to adjust our efforts,” Mariell Jessup, MD, chief science and medical officer of the American Heart Association, writes in an accompanying editorial.

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References

Benjamin EJ, Muntner P, Alonso A, et al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2019 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circ. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000659Circulation. 2019;0

Latest Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Reveal Challenges and Opportunities. American Heart Association; January 31, 2019