(HealthDay News) — Skipping breakfast is significantly associated with an increased risk for death from heart disease, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Shuang Rong, MD, PhD, from the Wuhan University of Science and Technology in China, and colleagues examined the association of skipping breakfast with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality among 6550 US adults (aged 40 to 75 years) who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (1988 to 1994). Data were linked to the National Death Index through 2011.
The researchers found that 5.1% of study participants never consumed breakfast, 10.9% rarely consumed breakfast, 25.0% consumed breakfast some days, and 59.0 percent consumed breakfast every day. There were 2318 deaths, including 619 deaths from cardiovascular disease, during 112,148 person-years of follow-up. When researchers controlled for age, sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, dietary and lifestyle factors, body mass index, and cardiovascular risk factors, they found that participants who never consumed breakfast had hazard ratios of 1.87 (95% confidence interval, 1.14 to 3.04) for cardiovascular mortality and 1.19 (95% confidence interval, 0.99 to 1.42) for all-cause mortality compared with those consuming breakfast every day.
“Our study supports the benefits of eating breakfast in promoting cardiovascular health,” the authors write.
Rong S, Snetselaar L, Xu G, Sun Y, Liu B, Wallace RB, and Bao W. Association of Skipping Breakfast With Cardiovascular and All-Cause Mortality. J Am Coll Cardiol.
73(16). April 2019. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2019.01.065