(HealthDay News) — Adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet is associated with frailty prevention over time, according to a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Courtney L. Millar, PhD, from the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, and colleagues examined the impact of a Mediterranean-style diet in reducing frailty. The analysis included 2384 nonfrail adults (mean age, 60 years) from the Framingham Offspring Study prospectively studied for at least 1 year.

The researchers found that in adjusted models, a 1-unit higher Mediterranean-style dietary pattern score (MSDPS) reduced the odds of frailty (odds ratio [OR], 0.97; 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.96 to 0.99). The odds were also reduced with each 10-mg higher total carotenoid and vitamin E intake (ORs [95 percent CIs], 0.84 [0.73 to 0.98] and 0.99 [0.98 to 1.00], respectively). The associations for individuals younger than 60 years were stronger for each 1-unit higher MSDPS (OR, 0.93; 95 percent CI, 0.89 to 0.96) and total carotenoid intake (OR, 0.59; 95 percent CI, 0.41 to 0.82) versus older individuals (ORs [95 percent CIs], 0.98 [0.97 to 1.00] and 0.92 [0.79 to 1.08], respectively).


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“Given these findings, the use of the Mediterranean-style diet and higher carotenoid intake may be useful strategies for frailty prevention,” the authors write.

One author disclosed financial ties to the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry.

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