Nutritional vitamin D supplements are frequently used to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism, especially in early chronic kidney disease, but they do not substantially lower parathyroid hormone levels, according to a meta-analysis.
Higher levels of consumption of green tea and/or coffee may reduce mortality in those with T2DM.
Reduction comparable to adherence to Mediterranean diet or moderate reduction in salt.
Risks for first incident CVD increased for higher consumers of sugary drinks, ASBs versus nonconsumers.
Increased intake of fruits and vegetables corrects CKD-related metabolic acidosis as well as sodium bicarbonate supplements, but is associated with other health benefits, a new post hoc analysis found.
Of patients aged ≥40 who died, 9.7% were vitamin D-sufficient versus 20% with 25(OH)D <30 ng/mL.
Significant reductions in risk seen for MI, fatal MI, and coronary heart disease events and mortality.
The newest KDOQI guideline for renal nutrition, which took 5 years to develop, expands recommendations to include patients with all stages of chronic kidney disease.
Relationship modified by overall sleep patterns, especially with daytime sleepiness.
Replacement of energy from animal with plant protein linked to reductions for men, women.