A study of 5,758 hemodialysis (HD) patients showed a significant association between hospitalization and potentially modifiable indicators of fluid overload (for example, interdialytic weight gain), anemia management (hemoglobin levels and transferrin saturation), and vascular access (catheter), investigators reported at Kidney Week 2011. They concluded that knowledge of predictive parameters may aid the identification of patients at risk and therefore help to prevent hospital admissions.

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Researchers Jochen G. Raimann, MD, of the Renal Research Institute and Beth Israel Medical Center in New York, and colleagues noted that despite technological advances in hemodialysis technology, mortality and hospitalization rates remain high in these patients.