NEW YORK—The more alcohol a man drinks per day, the greater his risk for developing hypertension, according to a recent study.
The study also showed that the risk of hypertension increases significantly with consumption of more than 30 g/day in both men and women.
The study, by investigators at St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, was a meta-analysis of 16 prospective studies including a total of 158,142 men and 314,258 women.
It revealed a linear dose-response relationship between alcohol intake and hypertension risk in men, Alex Briasoulis, MD, and colleagues reported at the American Society of Hypertension annual meeting. Men who drank 11-20 grams per day had a 9% increased risk. The risk was increased by 7% with alcohol intake of 21-30 grams per day and by 42% for those who drank 31-40 grams per day.
In addition, the meta-analysis showed that low average alcohol consumption was associated with a lower risk of hypertension in women. Women who drank less than 10 and 11-20 grams per day had an approximately 13% and 10% decreased risk, respectively. Intake of more than 30 grams per day, however, was associated with a nearly 19% increased risk.