References


  1. Kane CJ, Mallin K, Ritchey J, et al. Renal cell cancer stage migration: analysis of the National Cancer Data Base. Cancer 2008;113:78-83.

  2. Hollenbeck BK, Taub DA, Miller DC, et al. National utilization trends of partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: a case of underutilization? Urology 2006;67:254-259.

  3. Gill IS, Kavoussi LR, Lane BR, et al. Comparison of 1,800 laparoscopic a nd open partial nephrectomies for single renal tumors. J Urol 2007;178:41-46.

  4. Van Poppel H, Da Pozzo L, Albrecht W, et al. A prospective, randomised EORTC intergroup phase 3 study comparing the oncologic outcome of elective nephron-sparing surgery and radical nephrectomy for low-stage renal cell carcinoma. Eur Urol 2011;59:543-552.

  5. Campbell SC, Novick AC, Belldegrun A, et al. Guideline for management of the clinical T1 renal mass. 
J Urol 2009;182:1271-1279.

  6. Abbou CC, Hoznek A, Salomon L, et al. Remote laparoscopic radical prostatectomy carried out with a robot. Report of a case. Prog Urol 2000;10:
520-523.

  7. Badani KK, Kaul S, Menon M. Evolution of robotic radical prostatectomy: assessment after 2766 
procedures. Cancer 2007;110:1951-1958.

  8. Benway BM, Bhayani SB, Rogers CG, et al. Robot- assisted partial nephrectomy versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors: a multi-
institutional analysis of perioperative outcomes. 
J Urol 2009;182:866-872.

  9. Gautam G, Benway BM, Bhayani SB, Zorn KC. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: current perspectives and future prospects. Urology 2009;74:735-740.

  10. Mir SA, Cadeddu JA, Sleeper JP, Lotan Y. Cost 
comparison of robotic, laparoscopic, and open partial nephrectomy. J Endourol 2011;25:447-453.

  11. Uzzo RG, Novick AC, Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors: indications, techniques and outcomes. J Urol 2001;166:6-18.

  12. Naeem N, Petros F, Sukumar S, et al. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy in obese patients. J Endourol 2011;25:101-105.

  13. Petros FG, Patel MN, Kheterpal E, et al. Robotic partial nephrectomy in the setting of prior abdominal surgery. BJU Int 2011;108:413-419.

  14. Dulabon LM, Kaouk JH, Haber GP, et al. Multi-
institutional analysis of robotic partial nephrectomy for hilar versus nonhilar lesions in 446 consecutive cases. Eur Urol 2011;59:325-330.

  15. Lebed B, Jani SD, Kutikov A, et al. Renal masses herniating into the hilum: technical considerations 
of the “ball-valve phenomenon” during nephron-
sparing surgery. Urology 2010;75:707-710.

  16. Rogers CG, Metwalli A, Blatt AM, et al., Robotic partial nephrectomy for renal hilar tumors: a multi-institutional analysis. J Urol 2008;180:2353-2356.

  17. Gupta GN, Boris R, Chung P, et al., Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for tumors greater than 4 cm and high nephrometry score: Feasibility, renal functional, and oncological outcomes with minimum 1 year follow-up. Urol Oncol 2011. [Epub ahead of print]

  18. Patel MN, Krane LS, Bhandari A, et al., Robotic partial nephrectomy for renal tumors larger than 
4 cm. Eur Urol 2010;57:310-316.

  19. Rogers CG, Singh A, Blatt AM, et al. Robotic partial nephrectomy for complex renal tumors: surgical technique. Eur Urol 2008;53:514-521.

  20. Boris R, Proano M, Linehan WM, et al. Initial experience with robot-assisted partial nephrectomy for multiple renal masses. J Urol 2009;182:1280-1286.

  21. Touijer K, Jacqmin D, Kavoussi LR, et al. The expanding role of partial nephrectomy: a critical analysis of indications, results, and complications. Eur Urol 2010;57:214-222.

  22. Aron M, Koenig P, Kaouk JH, et al. Robotic and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: a matched-pair comparison from a high-volume centre. BJU Int 2008;102:86-92.

  23. Ghani KR, Anderson C. Closing the deal: renorrhaphy during laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy. BJU Int 2011;108:2-4.

  24. Benway BM, Wang AJ, Cabello JM, Bhayani SB. Robotic partial nephrectomy with sliding-clip renorrhaphy: technique and outcomes. Eur Urol 2009;55:592-599.

  25. Sammon J, Petros F, Sukumar S, et al. Barbed suture for renorrhaphy during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. J Endourol 2011;25:529-533.

  26. Gettman MT, Blute ML, Chow GK, et al. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: technique and initial clinical experience with DaVinci robotic system. Urology 2004;64:914-918.

  27. Caruso RP, Phillips CK, Kau E, et al. Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: initial experience. J Urol 2006;176:36-39.

  28. Ho H, Schwentner C, Neururer R, et al. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: surgical technique and clinical outcomes at 1 year. BJU Int 2009;103:663-668.

  29. Kural AR, Atug F, Tufek I, Akpinar H. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: comparison of outcomes. J Endourol 2009;23:1491-1497.

  30. Michli EE, Parra, RO, Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: initial clinical experience. 
Urology 2009;73:302-305.

  31. Alleemudder A, Dudderidge T, Rao AR, et al. Feasibility of robotic partial nephrectomy in a UK Cancer Centre. Brit J Med Surg Urol 2011;4:78-85.

  32. Mottrie A, DeNaeyer G, Schatteman P, et al. 
Impact of the learning curve on perioperative outcomes in patients who underwent robotic 
partial nephrectomy for parenchymal renal tumours. Eur Urol 2010;58:127-132.

  33. Gong Y, Du C, Josephson DY, et al. Four-arm 
robotic partial nephrectomy for complex renal cell 
carcinoma. World J Urol 2010;28:111-115.

  34. Scoll BJ, Uzzo RG, Chen DY, et al. Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: a large single-institutional 
experience. Urology 2010;75:1328-1334.

  35. White MA, Haber GP, Autorino R, et al. Outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy for renal masses with nephrometry score of ≥7. Urology 2011;77:809-813.

  36. Wang AJ, Bhayani SB. Robotic partial nephrectomy versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: single-surgeon analysis of >100 consecutive procedures. Urology 2009;73:306-310.

  37. Deane LA, Lee HJ, Box GN, et al. Robotic versus standard laparoscopic partial/wedge nephrectomy: a comparison of intraoperative and perioperative results from a single institution. J Endourol 2008;22:947-952.

  38. Jeong W, Park SY, Lorenzo EI, et al. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy versus robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. J Endourol 2009;23:1457-1460.

  39. Haber GP, White WM, Crouzet S, et al. Robotic 
versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: single-surgeon matched cohort study of 150 patients. Urology 2010;76:754-758.

  40. DeLong JM, Shapiro O, Moinzadeh A. Comparison 
of laparoscopic versus robotic assisted partial nephrectomy: one surgeon’s initial experience. 
Can J Urol 2010;17:5207-5212.

  41. Seo IY, Choi H, Boldbattr Y, et al. Operative outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy: a comparison with conventional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Korean J Urol 2011;52:279-283.

  42. Ficarra V, Novara G, Secco S, et al. Preoperative aspects and dimensions used for an anatomical (PADUA) classification of renal tumours in patients who are candidates for nephron-sparing surgery. 
Eur Urol 2009;56:786-793.

  43. Simmons MN, Ching CB, Samplaski MK, et al. 
Kidney tumor location measurement using the 
C index method. J Urol 2010;183:1708-1713.

  44. Kutikov A, Uzzo RG. The R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score: a comprehensive standardized system for quantitating renal tumor size, location and depth. 
J Urol 2009;182:844-853.

  45. Kutikov A, Smaldone MC, Egleston BL, et al. 
Anatomic Features of Enhancing Renal Masses Predict Malignant and High-Grade Pathology: A 
Preoperative Nomogram Using the RENAL 
Nephrometry Score. Eur Urol 2011;60:241-248.

  46. Canter D, Kutikov A, Manley B, et al. Utility of the R.E.N.A.L.-nephrometry scoring system in objectifying treatment decision-making of the enhancing renal mass. Urology 2011;78:1089-1094.

  47. Hayn MH, Schwaab T, Underwood W, Kim HL. RENAL nephrometry score predicts surgical outcomes of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. BJU Int 2011;108:876-881.

  48. Simhan J. Smaldone MC, Tsai KJ, et al. Objective Measures of Renal Mass Anatomic Complexity 
Predict Rates of Major Complications Following Partial Nephrectomy. Eur Urol 2011;60:724-730.

  49. Simhan J, et al. A nephrometry based comparative analysis of robotic and open partial nephrectomy 
for moderate and complex renal tumors. (presented at the Society of Urologic Oncology annual meeting, Besthesda, MD), 2010.

  50. Kaul S, Laungani R, Sarle R, et al. da Vinci-assisted robotic partial nephrectomy: technique and results at a mean of 15 months of follow-up. Eur Urol 2007;51:186-191.

  51. Benway BM, Bhayani SB, Rogers CG, et al. 
Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy: an international 
experience. Eur Urol 2010;57:815-820.

  52. Thompson RH, Lane BR, Lohse CM, et al. Every minute counts when the renal hilum is clamped during partial nephrectomy. Eur Urol 2010;58:340-345.

  53. Lane BR, Russo P, Uzzo RG, et al. Comparison of cold and warm ischemia during partial nephrectomy in 660 solitary kidneys reveals predominant role of nonmodifiable factors in determining ultimate renal function. J Urol 2011;185:421-427.

  54. Simmons MN, Schreiber MJ, Gill IS Surgical renal ischemia: a contemporary overview. J Urol 2008;180:19-30.

  55. Abaza R, Picard J. A novel technique for laparoscopic or robotic partial nephrectomy: feasibility study. 
J Endourol 2008;22:1715-1719.

  56. Lane BR, Gill IS. 7-year oncological outcomes 
after laparoscopic and open partial nephrectomy. 
J Urol 2010;183:473-479.

  57. Gill IS, Eisenberg MS, Aron M, et al. “Zero ischemia” partial nephrectomy: novel laparoscopic and robotic technique. Eur Urol 2011;59:128-134.

  58. White WM, Goel RK, Haber GP, Kaouk JH. Robotic partial nephrectomy without renal hilar occlusion. 
BJU Int 2010;105:1580-1584.

  59. Hyams ES, Perlmutter M, Stifelman MD. A 
prospective evaluation of the utility of laparoscopic Doppler technology during minimally invasive partial nephrectomy. Urology 2011;77:617-620.

  60. Tobis S, Knoph J, Silvers C, et al. Near infrared 
fluorescence imaging with robotic assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: initial clinical experience for renal cortical tumors. J Urol 2011;186:47-52.

  61. White WM, Haber GP, Goel RK, et al. Single-port urological surgery: single-center experience with the first 100 cases. Urology 2009;74:801-804.

  62. Stein RJ, White WM, Goel RK, et al. Robotic 
laparoendoscopic single-site surgery using GelPort 
as the access platform. Eur Urol 2010;57:132-136.