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In a Swiss study, patients aged 80 years or more were significantly less likely to die if they had a nephrology referral prior to initiating dialysis.
Patients with vs without anemia prior to starting hemodialysis (HD) were more likely to die despite achieving target hemoglobin levels at month 4 after HD initiation.
Type 2 diabetes is among the leading causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), but the estimated cumulative risk of ESRD at 20 years after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is less than 1%.
Anemia is 66% and 84% more likely to develop among patients in the 3rd and 4th quartiles of serum fibroblast growth factor 23 level vs those in the 1st quartile.
Rates of hyperkalemia associated with receipt of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors vary by age and comorbidities.
The risk of chronic kidney disease among women who experience preeclampsia is particularly elevated within 5 years of delivery.
Longitudinal study with preplanned serum potassium measurements may provide a more accurate estimate of the burden of hyperkalemia among CKD patients.
Patients in the highest quintile of urinary albumin excretion had a 4.5-fold increased risk of urothelial cell carcinoma vs those in quintiles 1-3.
In a phase 2 trial that enrolled 31 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, treatment with bardoxolone resulted in a significant increase in kidney function.
In a study, increases in red blood cell distribution width during the first year of dialysis was associated with greater risks for death.
Predictors of hungry bone syndrome after parathyroidectomy include lower pre- and post-op calcium levels, according to a new study.
Older patients who had more frequent nephrology visits prior to initiating dialysis had a lower incidence of atrial fibrillation in the year after initiating dialysis compared with those who did not.
New study shows that IV iron repletion with sodium ferric gluconate complex increased platelet count significantly at week 3 post-infusion and non-significantly at week 4.
Investigators report that female vs male sex was associated with a significant 14% lower mortality risk following an episode of community-acquired acute kidney injury.
A serum phosphate control target of 4.5 mg/dL or below in hemodialysis patients was accompanied by a decline in fibroblast growth factor 23.
In a large study, tamsulosin use was not associated with a significant improvement in spontaneous stone passage rates compared with placebo among patients with acute ureteric colic.
Study identifies which PCa patients with positive lymph nodes may have improved survival with the addition of adjuvant radiotherapy to androgen-deprivation therapy.
Researchers concluded that a greater than 90-day interval from prostate biopsy to radical prostatectomy increases the risk of biochemical recurrence among men with Gleason 3+4 disease.
Study documents a drop in the incidence of de novo metastatic PCa from 1980 to 2011 in the United States.
Use of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors before and after diagnosis of the malignancy is associated with a 15% and 22% decreased risk of bladder cancer mortality, respectively.
In a large international trial, pre-biopsy MRI scans spared 28% of men from having to undergo a biopsy and resulted in a lower detection of clinically insignificant cancers vs standard biopsy.
Treatment-naïve patients with advanced clear-cell renal cell carcinoma had significantly longer progression-free survival when treated with pazopanib instead of temsirolimus.
Added to hormone therapy, docetaxel offers a cost effective way to prolong hormone-sensitive disease and improve quality of life years, especially among men with non-metastatic disease, study finds.
Patients with bladder adenocarcinomas have the best survival, whereas those with small cell carcinomas of the bladder have the worst.
The safety and efficacy of nivolumab for treating metastatic renal cell carcinoma is comparable to that found in the CheckMate 025 trial.
In a phase Ib study, dual therapy with axitinib and pembrolizumab was well tolerated and demonstrated antitumor activity in treatment-naïve patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.
Study reveals a 38% decreased risk of death in patients with papillary metastatic renal cell carcinoma who undergo cytoreductive nephrectomy vs those who do not.
Immunotherapy with atezolizumab plus targeted therapy with bevacizumab improves progression-free survival better than sunitinib in patients with untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
In a small phase 2 study of overweight men with recurrent prostate cancer, consuming less than 20 grams of carbohydrates a day resulted in profound weight loss.
Metastasis and death are more likely to occur among patients with relatively high PSA levels at diagnosis of nmCRPC and rising PSA levels during follow-up.
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NEPHROLOGY & UROLOGY NEWS
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
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- Contrast Nephropathy
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- End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
- Lupus Nephritis
- Peritoneal Dialysis
- Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT)