Cardiovascular Disease

At Low Temps, Air Pollution May Up Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death

At Low Temps, Air Pollution May Up Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death

Particulate matter less than 2.5 m in diameter linked to higher sudden cardiac death risk in women

High Incidence of Sudden and/or Arrhythmic Death in CHD

High Incidence of Sudden and/or Arrhythmic Death in CHD

SAD cause of considerable proportion of deaths in CHD patients without severe systolic dysfunction

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk of CVD

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk of CVD

Findings show MHO is transient, so not a reliable predictor of lower cardiovascular risk in the future

Aortic Stiffness, Concentric LV Remodeling Linked in T2DM

Aortic Stiffness, Concentric LV Remodeling Linked in T2DM

Aortic distensibility independently linked to concentric left ventricular remodeling

High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS

High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS

FGF-23 in top quartile independently linked to greater risk of CV death, heart failure hospitalization.

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP <120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP <120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

Increased risk of CVD for achieved systolic blood pressure of 120 versus 130 or 140 mm Hg

Predialysis Nephrology Care Associated With Lower AFib Risk

Predialysis Nephrology Care Associated With Lower AFib Risk

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Older patients who had more frequent nephrology visits prior to initiating dialysis had a lower incidence of atrial fibrillation in the year after initiating dialysis compared with those who did not.

Exercise Best Defense for Those at Genetic Risk for CVD

Exercise Best Defense for Those at Genetic Risk for CVD

Benefit of exercise against cardiovascular disease notable even among those at high genetic risk

Lonely Individuals May Have Increased Risk for AMI, Stroke

Lonely Individuals May Have Increased Risk for AMI, Stroke

Social isolation linked to increased mortality among individuals with history of AMI or stroke

Lead Exposure May Increase Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Mortality

Lead Exposure May Increase Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Mortality

Environmental lead exposure tied to all-cause, cardiovascular disease, ischemic heart disease mortality.

Exercise, Not Weight Loss, Linked to Lower Death Risk in CHD

Exercise, Not Weight Loss, Linked to Lower Death Risk in CHD

But no mortality risk reduction associated with weight loss in individuals with coronary heart disease

Generic Clopidogrel on Par With Plavix in Acute Coronary Syndrome

Generic Clopidogrel on Par With Plavix in Acute Coronary Syndrome

Clopidogrel noninferior for patients older than 65 years after acute coronary syndrome hospitalization.

FGF23 Tied to Coronary Heart Disease

FGF23 Tied to Coronary Heart Disease

After adjustment for hormone therapy use in women, associations no longer differed by sex

Mortality Risks Higher With Febuxostat vs Allopurinol

Mortality Risks Higher With Febuxostat vs Allopurinol

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All-cause and cardiovascular mortality risks were 22% and 34% higher among febuxostat-treated patients vs allopurinol recipients.

Urgency Urinary Incontinence Linked to Previous Stroke

Urgency Urinary Incontinence Linked to Previous Stroke

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Individuals who had a stroke or transient ischemic attack at age 60 to 64 had a 2-fold higher risk of UUI at age 68 years, a British study found.

Women With Ischemia, Non-Obstructive CAD May Have Myocardial Scars

Women With Ischemia, Non-Obstructive CAD May Have Myocardial Scars

Cardiac MR accurately diagnoses; myocardial scars may affect 8% of women with non-obstructive CAD

Readmission Rates High for HD Patients After CVD Hospitalization

Readmission Rates High for HD Patients After CVD Hospitalization

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In a study, the 30-day readmission rate for hemodialysis patients hospitalized for cardiovascular events was 34.2%.

Testosterone Replacement Therapy Does Not Raise CV Risks

Testosterone Replacement Therapy Does Not Raise CV Risks

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A large study of middle-aged men found that testosterone replacement therapy is associated with a small but significant decrease in cardiovascular risk and an increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea.

Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Endothelial Dysfunction in CKD

Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Endothelial Dysfunction in CKD

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Vitamin D levels increased from 13.2 to 33.7 ng/mL in nondialysis CKD patients treated with 50,000 units of cholecalciferol weekly for 12 weeks.

Clarithromycin May Damage Heart, FDA Warns

Clarithromycin May Damage Heart, FDA Warns

Agency advising doctors to consider prescribing other antibiotics to patients with coronary heart disease

Lipoproteins, Lipids Similarly Linked With MI, Ischemic Stroke

Lipoproteins, Lipids Similarly Linked With MI, Ischemic Stroke

No association with ICH; within HDL, cholesterol inversely and triglyceride positively linked to MI

Anticoagulants Tied With Stroke, Hemorrhage in CKD

Anticoagulants Tied With Stroke, Hemorrhage in CKD

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Study questions the efficacy and safety of prescribing anticoagulants to older patients with atrial fibrillation and nondialysis chronic kidney disease.

Coronary Artery Calcification Risk Factors in CKD Identified

Coronary Artery Calcification Risk Factors in CKD Identified

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Abnormal calcium-phosphate metabolism appears to be an important pathogenic factor in the development of vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Blood Pressure Drugs With Statins Tied to Reduced Stroke Risk

Blood Pressure Drugs With Statins Tied to Reduced Stroke Risk

44% drop in stroke for those with intermediate CVD risk receiving candesartan/HCTZ, rosuvastatin

CKD, Diabetes, CVD, and More Boost Risks for Cancer, Mortality

CKD, Diabetes, CVD, and More Boost Risks for Cancer, Mortality

Risk scores summarizing 8 diseases, markers tied to cancer risk in dose-response manner

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Do Not Reduce Heart Disease Risk

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Do Not Reduce Heart Disease Risk

No significant association with fatal, nonfatal coronary heart disease, major vascular events

CKD Patients With Heart Failure May Not Benefit From ICDs

CKD Patients With Heart Failure May Not Benefit From ICDs

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Study finds no difference in all-cause mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease and heart failure who received implantable cardioverter defibrillators and those who did not.

Nontraditional Risk Factors Predict Atherosclerotic Events in HD

Nontraditional Risk Factors Predict Atherosclerotic Events in HD

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In hemodialysis patients, only non-traditional risk factors such as C-reactive protein predicted non-fatal myocardial infarction and other atherosclerotic events, researchers report.

Deportation Fears Tied With CV Risk Factors

Deportation Fears Tied With CV Risk Factors

High levels of worry in Mexican-origin women studied tied to risk of higher BMI, obesity, blood pressure.

Ultra-low Contrast Volume May Protect Kidneys in Advanced CKD

Ultra-low Contrast Volume May Protect Kidneys in Advanced CKD

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No patient had a 25% or greater rise in serum creatinine 48 hours after receiving a median 13 mL of contrast for diagnostic coronary angiography, with an additional 13 mL for percutaneous coronary intervention.

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