Cardiovascular Disease

New Cholesterol Guidelines Consider CKD 'Risk-Enhancing'

New Cholesterol Guidelines Consider CKD 'Risk-Enhancing'

By

In their 2018 cholesterol guidelines, the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology recommend individualized risk and treatment options.

AHA: Limited Benefit for n-3 Fatty Acids in CVD, Cancer Prevention

AHA: Limited Benefit for n-3 Fatty Acids in CVD, Cancer Prevention

Second study shows no significant results for vitamin D supplementation vs placebo.

Age, Racial Disparities Seen in Hospitalization for Heart Failure

Age, Racial Disparities Seen in Hospitalization for Heart Failure

Whites with heart failure more likely to be hospitalized for higher-clinical-acuity visits.

Some Weather Conditions Linked to Myocardial Infarction Risk

Some Weather Conditions Linked to Myocardial Infarction Risk

Each one-standard deviation increase in air temperature tied to 2.8% reduction in MI risk

Canagliflozin Approved to Reduce Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Canagliflozin Approved to Reduce Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events

The effect of Invokana on CV risk was evaluated in the CANVAS (CANagliflozin cardioVascular Assessment Study) Program in >10,000 adults with T2D who had established CV disease or were at risk for CV disease with ≥2 risk factors.

Statins Reduce Mortality Risk in Dialysis-Requiring AKI

Statins Reduce Mortality Risk in Dialysis-Requiring AKI

By

Statin use vs non-use among patients hospitalized with dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury is associated with decreased risks of 1-year and in-hospital all-cause mortality, a study found.

Advanced CKD May Be a Risk Factor for Medial Arterial Calcification

Advanced CKD May Be a Risk Factor for Medial Arterial Calcification

By

In a study, progression of calcification did not increase until eGFR falls below 40 mL/min/1.73 m2.

Frequent Hemodialysis Improves Serum Phosphate, Left Ventricular Mass

Frequent Hemodialysis Improves Serum Phosphate, Left Ventricular Mass

By

Patients who received hemodialysis 6 times per week instead of 3 showed improvements in biomarkers of mineral metabolism and left ventricular remodeling.

Magnesium Levels May Predict Peripheral Artery Disease Risk

Magnesium Levels May Predict Peripheral Artery Disease Risk

By

Higher magnesium levels are associated with a lower risk of peripheral artery disease, but only among individuals without impaired renal function.

Cardiovascular Event Risk in Dialysis Patients Higher Among Women

Cardiovascular Event Risk in Dialysis Patients Higher Among Women

By

In the first year after starting dialysis, women have 16% increased odds of major adverse cardiovascular events compared with men.

CT Abdominal Aortic Calcification Score Predicts CV Event Risk

CT Abdominal Aortic Calcification Score Predicts CV Event Risk

In asymptomatic patients, AUC was higher for AAC than for Framingham Risk Score at all time points.

High Variability in Metabolic Measures May Up Mortality

High Variability in Metabolic Measures May Up Mortality

Even greater risk for mortality, CV events in presence of several high-variability metabolic parameters

Intensive BP Therapy in Diabetes May Lower Risk for CV Events

Intensive BP Therapy in Diabetes May Lower Risk for CV Events

Findings based on data reweighted to reflect the adult population with diabetes in the US.

Albiglutide Beats Placebo for Cardiovascular Events in T2DM

Albiglutide Beats Placebo for Cardiovascular Events in T2DM

Despite having been withdrawn, albiglutide is superior to placebo for reducing cardiovascular events

Heart Attack Risk After Stone Procedure Linked to Metabolic Syndrome

Heart Attack Risk After Stone Procedure Linked to Metabolic Syndrome

By

Myocardial infarction following the kidney stone procedure is twice as likely among patients with 3 to 4 components of metabolic syndrome vs no components.

PCI, CABG Both Acceptable for CKD Patients With LMCAD

PCI, CABG Both Acceptable for CKD Patients With LMCAD

Patients with, without chronic kidney disease have less acute renal failure with PCI.

Enlarged Kidneys in Neonates With Congenital Heart Disease

Enlarged Kidneys in Neonates With Congenital Heart Disease

Kidneys of neonates with left heart obstruction consistently found to be larger than normal

Low eGFR, Worsening Renal Function Predict Higher Post-PCI Death Risk

Low eGFR, Worsening Renal Function Predict Higher Post-PCI Death Risk

By

Low eGFR and worsening renal function are independently associated with a nearly 3-fold increased mortality risk among patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Hemodialysis Patient Death Risk Increased With Low Salt Intake

Hemodialysis Patient Death Risk Increased With Low Salt Intake

By

Salt intake below 6 g/day is associated with increased odds of all-cause and cardiovascular in patients on hemodialysis, Japanese study shows.

Cardiovascular Event Rates Vary by Kidney Failure Cause

Cardiovascular Event Rates Vary by Kidney Failure Cause

By

Among US dialysis patients, cardiovascular event rates are highest in those with diabetic nephropathy and lowest among those with IgA nephropathy.

More Targeted Sodium Reduction Strategies Proposed

More Targeted Sodium Reduction Strategies Proposed

By

New study suggests sodium intake is associated with cardiovascular disease and stroke only when mean sodium intake exceeds 5 grams per day.

Acute Renal Failure in CKD Patients Less Likely With PCI

Acute Renal Failure in CKD Patients Less Likely With PCI

By

In a study, percutaneous coronary intervention was associated with a 72% decreased risk of acute renal failure compared with coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Parathyroidectomy for Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Improves Outcomes

Parathyroidectomy for Secondary Hyperparathyroidism Improves Outcomes

By

Surgical procedure can correct calcium and phosphorus abnormalities and improve coronary artery calcification, study finds.

Gout Increases Atrial Fibrillation Risk in the Elderly

Gout Increases Atrial Fibrillation Risk in the Elderly

By

A study of Medicare patients found that atrial fibrillation was nearly twice as likely to develop in those with vs without gout.

DOACs Increase Bleeding Risk More Than Warfarin in CKD

DOACs Increase Bleeding Risk More Than Warfarin in CKD

By

DOAC users with eGFRs less than 60 mL/min/1.73m2 had a 23% higher risk for bleeding than warfarin users.

USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Nontraditional CVD Risk Factors

USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Nontraditional CVD Risk Factors

Insufficient evidence for adding to traditional CVD risk assessment in asymptomatic adults.

Marriage May Protect Against Cardiovascular Disease

Marriage May Protect Against Cardiovascular Disease

Association seen between marital status and risk, prognosis of coronary heart disease or stroke

Apixaban May Reduce Major Bleeding Risk in Dialysis Patients With AFib

Apixaban May Reduce Major Bleeding Risk in Dialysis Patients With AFib

By

Apixaban recipients had a 28% lower risk for major bleeding compared with patients treated with warfarin.

Half of CV Events Occur from 2 to 5 Years Post-TIA, -Stroke

Half of CV Events Occur from 2 to 5 Years Post-TIA, -Stroke

Composite outcome occurred in 12.9%; 50.1% of events in second to fifth years.

Risk of CV Events Down With Med Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

Risk of CV Events Down With Med Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

Lower incidence of major cardiovascular events with Mediterranean diet supplemented with oil, nuts.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters