Cardiovascular Disease

Statins Underused by Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease

Statins Underused by Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease

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Although a 2013 guideline recommended statin use to more than 65% of adults with CKD, only about 36% of adults with CKD were taking a statin in 2011-2014.

Short Sleep Duration Linked to Higher Atherosclerotic Burden

Short Sleep Duration Linked to Higher Atherosclerotic Burden

Fragmented sleep linked to higher prevalence of multiple affected noncoronary territiories.

Coronary Artery Calcium May Help Predict CVD in South Asians

Coronary Artery Calcium May Help Predict CVD in South Asians

CAC incidence similar in South Asian men versus white, black, Latino men; higher than Chinese

High Uric Acid May Up Cardiovascular Mortality in CKD

High Uric Acid May Up Cardiovascular Mortality in CKD

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In a meta-analysis, the risk for cardiovascular mortality increased a significant 12% for every 1 mg/dL increase in uric acid.

Testosterone Use Remains High Among Men With Coronary Artery Disease

Testosterone Use Remains High Among Men With Coronary Artery Disease

Despite research suggesting that there may be increased cardiovascular risk from off-label prescription testosterone use, usage in men with coronary artery disease remains higher than in men without coronary artery disease.

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

Reduction in risk for range of critical outcomes greatest for daily dietary fiber intake of 25 to 29 g.

Employment, Earning Losses Noted After Cardiovascular Events

Employment, Earning Losses Noted After Cardiovascular Events

Fewer patients admitted to hospital for MI, cardiac arrest, stroke working at 3 years postevent

Costs Higher for Those With Comorbid Noncommunicable Diseases

Costs Higher for Those With Comorbid Noncommunicable Diseases

Health expenditure greater for person with 2 diseases simultaneously than for the diseases separately.

High Sodium Intake Associated With New Atrial Fibrillation

High Sodium Intake Associated With New Atrial Fibrillation

Cumulative proportional probability for AF events greatest for those in the highest quartile of salt intake

Second-Line Antidiabetic Meds May Impact Cardiovascular Risk

Second-Line Antidiabetic Meds May Impact Cardiovascular Risk

Cardiovascular risk increased with sulfonylureas and basal insulin versus newer classes of ADM

Emotional Stress of Holidays Can Trigger Heart Attacks

Emotional Stress of Holidays Can Trigger Heart Attacks

Higher risk seen on Christmas Eve, particularly in older adults with diabetes, heart disease

Dyskalemia Common in Heart Failure

Dyskalemia Common in Heart Failure

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Sex, high and low baseline potassium levels, and reduced renal function independently predict hyper- and hypokalemia in patients with heart failure.

Adherence and Intensity of Lipid-Lowering Tx Influence CV Risk

Adherence and Intensity of Lipid-Lowering Tx Influence CV Risk

Lowest risk seen for adherent patients receiving high-intensity statin and/or ezetimibe regimen

VDRAs Do Not Lower Cardiovascular Event Risk in HD

VDRAs Do Not Lower Cardiovascular Event Risk in HD

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Trial results do not support use of vitamin D receptor activators to prevent cardiovascular events in patients with end-stage renal disease and low intact parathyroid hormone levels.

AHA Scientific Statement: Low Risk of Side Effects for Statins

AHA Scientific Statement: Low Risk of Side Effects for Statins

Risk for statin-induced serious muscle injury 0.1 percent, newly diagnosed diabetes 0.2%

Skin Autofluorescence Predicts T2DM, Heart Disease, Mortality

Skin Autofluorescence Predicts T2DM, Heart Disease, Mortality

Prediction independent of traditional risk factors such as MetS, glucose, HbA1c in general population

Younger Patients Account for Increasing Proportion of AMI

Younger Patients Account for Increasing Proportion of AMI

Increase especially great among women, who were less likely to receive guideline-based treatment.

Several Risk Factors More Strongly Linked to MI in Women

Several Risk Factors More Strongly Linked to MI in Women

Blood pressure, smoking, type 1 and 2 diabetes linked to higher hazard ratios for women than men

Certain SGLT2 Inhibitors, GLP-1 RAs for T2DM Also Cut CV Risk

Certain SGLT2 Inhibitors, GLP-1 RAs for T2DM Also Cut CV Risk

Report provides guidance on reducing CV risk in patients with T2DM and atherosclerotic CV disease

Lower Mortality Seen for Cardiac Care at Top-Ranked Hospitals

Lower Mortality Seen for Cardiac Care at Top-Ranked Hospitals

But readmission rates similar for top-ranked, nonranked hospitals for acute MI and CABG

Gout Tied With Worse Outcomes in Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease

Gout Tied With Worse Outcomes in Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease

A history of gout was associated with worse outcomes in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease.

Onset of Musculoskeletal Adverse Events Varies Between Statins

Onset of Musculoskeletal Adverse Events Varies Between Statins

Significantly faster onset with atorvastatin, rosuvastatin versus simvastatin during monotherapy.

AHA: Lasting Benefit for CABG in Diabetes, Multivessel Disease

AHA: Lasting Benefit for CABG in Diabetes, Multivessel Disease

Lower all-cause mortality in CABG group vs PCI-DES group after median follow-up of 7.5 years.

Sudden Cardiac Death Rates Up in Blacks vs Whites

Sudden Cardiac Death Rates Up in Blacks vs Whites

Risk still up after adjustment for sociodemographics, comorbidity, behavioral measures of health

AHA: Icosapent Ethyl Cuts CV Risk From Elevated Triglycerides

AHA: Icosapent Ethyl Cuts CV Risk From Elevated Triglycerides

Ischemic events reduced among patients with elevated triglycerides despite taking statins

AHA: Dapagliflozin Noninferior to Placebo for MACE in T2DM

AHA: Dapagliflozin Noninferior to Placebo for MACE in T2DM

Treatment resulted in lower HF hospitalization rate in patients with, without atherosclerosis.

New Cholesterol Guidelines Consider CKD 'Risk-Enhancing'

New Cholesterol Guidelines Consider CKD 'Risk-Enhancing'

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In their 2018 cholesterol guidelines, the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology recommend individualized risk and treatment options.

AHA: Limited Benefit for n-3 Fatty Acids in CVD, Cancer Prevention

AHA: Limited Benefit for n-3 Fatty Acids in CVD, Cancer Prevention

Second study shows no significant results for vitamin D supplementation vs placebo.

Age, Racial Disparities Seen in Hospitalization for Heart Failure

Age, Racial Disparities Seen in Hospitalization for Heart Failure

Whites with heart failure more likely to be hospitalized for higher-clinical-acuity visits.

Some Weather Conditions Linked to Myocardial Infarction Risk

Some Weather Conditions Linked to Myocardial Infarction Risk

Each one-standard deviation increase in air temperature tied to 2.8% reduction in MI risk

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