Cardiovascular Disease News Archive

Erectile Dysfunction Strongly Predicts Cardiovascular Events

Erectile Dysfunction Strongly Predicts Cardiovascular Events

Men with erectile dysfunction (ED) are almost twice as likely to experience a cardiovascular event as those without ED.

No Consistent Cardiovascular Benefit Seen for Supplements

No Consistent Cardiovascular Benefit Seen for Supplements

Generally moderate- or low-quality evidence for preventive benefits, no effect, or increased risk

At Low Temps, Air Pollution May Up Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death

At Low Temps, Air Pollution May Up Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death

Particulate matter less than 2.5 m in diameter linked to higher sudden cardiac death risk in women

High Incidence of Sudden and/or Arrhythmic Death in CHD

High Incidence of Sudden and/or Arrhythmic Death in CHD

SAD cause of considerable proportion of deaths in CHD patients without severe systolic dysfunction

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk of CVD

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk of CVD

Findings show MHO is transient, so not a reliable predictor of lower cardiovascular risk in the future

Aortic Stiffness, Concentric LV Remodeling Linked in T2DM

Aortic Stiffness, Concentric LV Remodeling Linked in T2DM

Aortic distensibility independently linked to concentric left ventricular remodeling

High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS

High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS

FGF-23 in top quartile independently linked to greater risk of CV death, heart failure hospitalization.

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP 120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP <120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

Increased risk of CVD for achieved systolic blood pressure of 120 versus 130 or 140 mm Hg

Predialysis Nephrology Care Associated With Lower AFib Risk

Predialysis Nephrology Care Associated With Lower AFib Risk

Older patients who had more frequent nephrology visits prior to initiating dialysis had a lower incidence of atrial fibrillation in the year after initiating dialysis compared with those who did not.

Exercise Best Defense for Those at Genetic Risk for CVD

Exercise Best Defense for Those at Genetic Risk for CVD

Benefit of exercise against cardiovascular disease notable even among those at high genetic risk

Lonely Individuals May Have Increased Risk for AMI, Stroke

Lonely Individuals May Have Increased Risk for AMI, Stroke

Social isolation linked to increased mortality among individuals with history of AMI or stroke

Lead Exposure May Increase Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Mortality

Lead Exposure May Increase Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Mortality

Environmental lead exposure tied to all-cause, cardiovascular disease, ischemic heart disease mortality.

Exercise, Not Weight Loss, Linked to Lower Death Risk in CHD

Exercise, Not Weight Loss, Linked to Lower Death Risk in CHD

But no mortality risk reduction associated with weight loss in individuals with coronary heart disease

Generic Clopidogrel on Par With Plavix in Acute Coronary Syndrome

Generic Clopidogrel on Par With Plavix in Acute Coronary Syndrome

Clopidogrel noninferior for patients older than 65 years after acute coronary syndrome hospitalization.

FGF23 Tied to Coronary Heart Disease

FGF23 Tied to Coronary Heart Disease

After adjustment for hormone therapy use in women, associations no longer differed by sex

Mortality Risks Higher With Febuxostat vs Allopurinol

Mortality Risks Higher With Febuxostat vs Allopurinol

All-cause and cardiovascular mortality risks were 22% and 34% higher among febuxostat-treated patients vs allopurinol recipients.

Urgency Urinary Incontinence Linked to Previous Stroke

Urgency Urinary Incontinence Linked to Previous Stroke

Individuals who had a stroke or transient ischemic attack at age 60 to 64 had a 2-fold higher risk of UUI at age 68 years, a British study found.

Women With Ischemia, Non-Obstructive CAD May Have Myocardial Scars

Women With Ischemia, Non-Obstructive CAD May Have Myocardial Scars

Cardiac MR accurately diagnoses; myocardial scars may affect 8% of women with non-obstructive CAD

Readmission Rates High for HD Patients After CVD Hospitalization

Readmission Rates High for HD Patients After CVD Hospitalization

In a study, the 30-day readmission rate for hemodialysis patients hospitalized for cardiovascular events was 34.2%.

Testosterone Replacement Therapy Does Not Raise CV Risks

Testosterone Replacement Therapy Does Not Raise CV Risks

A large study of middle-aged men found that testosterone replacement therapy is associated with a small but significant decrease in cardiovascular risk and an increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea.

Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Endothelial Dysfunction in CKD

Vitamin D Supplementation Improves Endothelial Dysfunction in CKD

Vitamin D levels increased from 13.2 to 33.7 ng/mL in nondialysis CKD patients treated with 50,000 units of cholecalciferol weekly for 12 weeks.

Clarithromycin May Damage Heart, FDA Warns

Clarithromycin May Damage Heart, FDA Warns

Agency advising doctors to consider prescribing other antibiotics to patients with coronary heart disease

Lipoproteins, Lipids Similarly Linked With MI, Ischemic Stroke

Lipoproteins, Lipids Similarly Linked With MI, Ischemic Stroke

No association with ICH; within HDL, cholesterol inversely and triglyceride positively linked to MI

Anticoagulants Tied With Stroke, Hemorrhage in CKD

Anticoagulants Tied With Stroke, Hemorrhage in CKD

Study questions the efficacy and safety of prescribing anticoagulants to older patients with atrial fibrillation and nondialysis chronic kidney disease.

Coronary Artery Calcification Risk Factors in CKD Identified

Coronary Artery Calcification Risk Factors in CKD Identified

Abnormal calcium-phosphate metabolism appears to be an important pathogenic factor in the development of vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Blood Pressure Drugs With Statins Tied to Reduced Stroke Risk

Blood Pressure Drugs With Statins Tied to Reduced Stroke Risk

44% drop in stroke for those with intermediate CVD risk receiving candesartan/HCTZ, rosuvastatin

CKD, Diabetes, CVD, and More Boost Risks for Cancer, Mortality

CKD, Diabetes, CVD, and More Boost Risks for Cancer, Mortality

Risk scores summarizing 8 diseases, markers tied to cancer risk in dose-response manner

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Do Not Reduce Heart Disease Risk

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Do Not Reduce Heart Disease Risk

No significant association with fatal, nonfatal coronary heart disease, major vascular events

CKD Patients With Heart Failure May Not Benefit From ICDs

CKD Patients With Heart Failure May Not Benefit From ICDs

Study finds no difference in all-cause mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease and heart failure who received implantable cardioverter defibrillators and those who did not.

Nontraditional Risk Factors Predict Atherosclerotic Events in HD

Nontraditional Risk Factors Predict Atherosclerotic Events in HD

In hemodialysis patients, only non-traditional risk factors such as C-reactive protein predicted non-fatal myocardial infarction and other atherosclerotic events, researchers report.

Deportation Fears Tied With CV Risk Factors

Deportation Fears Tied With CV Risk Factors

High levels of worry in Mexican-origin women studied tied to risk of higher BMI, obesity, blood pressure.

Ultra-low Contrast Volume May Protect Kidneys in Advanced CKD

Ultra-low Contrast Volume May Protect Kidneys in Advanced CKD

No patient had a 25% or greater rise in serum creatinine 48 hours after receiving a median 13 mL of contrast for diagnostic coronary angiography, with an additional 13 mL for percutaneous coronary intervention.

Flu, Some Upper Respiratory Infections Up Heart Attacks

Flu, Some Upper Respiratory Infections Up Heart Attacks

Increased incidence of acute myocardial infarction in first 7 days after positive respiratory viral diagnosis

Smoking Just 1 Cigarette Daily Increases Heart Disease, Stroke

Smoking Just 1 Cigarette Daily Increases Heart Disease, Stroke

Men who smoked just one cigarette/day had 46% of excess relative risk of smoking 20/day.

Marijuana's Cardiovascular Effects Still Unknown

Marijuana's Cardiovascular Effects Still Unknown

Prospective studies needed to examine long-term effects of chronic marijuana use on CV health.

USPSTF Questions Nontraditional CVD Risk Factors for Assessment

USPSTF Questions Nontraditional CVD Risk Factors for Assessment

Second Grade I statement questions use of ABI for screening for peripheral artery disease, CVD risk.

High-grade Prostate Cancer Risk Again Linked to Cholesterol

High-grade Prostate Cancer Risk Again Linked to Cholesterol

Each 10 mg/dL increase in serum levels of total and HDL cholesterol are associated with a significant 5% and 14% increased risk of high-grade PCa, respectively.

Broader Statin Use More Effective for Atherosclerotic CVD Prevention

Broader Statin Use More Effective for Atherosclerotic CVD Prevention

Study compared guidelines for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease prevention.

Some High-risk Heart Failure Patients Benefit From MRAs

Some High-risk Heart Failure Patients Benefit From MRAs

Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists found to lower hospital readmission risk in patients with heart failure and concomitant diabetes or renal insufficiency.

Hemodialysis Patient Readmission Often Due to Pulmonary Edema

Hemodialysis Patient Readmission Often Due to Pulmonary Edema

Study finds that 44% of hospital readmissions among hemodialysis patients are related to pulmonary edema, with initial pulmonary edema-related hospitalization the strongest predictor for readmission due to the condition.

Atherosclerosis Develops in Pts Without Traditional CV Risk Factors

Atherosclerosis Develops in Pts Without Traditional CV Risk Factors

Male gender, age and LDL-C were all found to be independently related to atherosclerosis.

Meditation May Reduce Cardiovascular Risks

Meditation May Reduce Cardiovascular Risks

Given low cost and risk, meditation may be viable adjunct to guideline-directed treatment.

Lower BP Targets Reduce Cardiovascular Events Risk

Lower BP Targets Reduce Cardiovascular Events Risk

Intensive BP drops may lower cardiovascular risks in both patients with and without diabetes.

ACC: Treating Bleeding in Patients Taking Oral Anticoagulants

ACC: Treating Bleeding in Patients Taking Oral Anticoagulants

The ACC released decision pathways to help clinicians manage bleeding in patients taking oral anticoagulants.

Ceruloplasmin a Possible Marker of CKD in Sickle Cell Anemia

Ceruloplasmin a Possible Marker of CKD in Sickle Cell Anemia

Urinary ceruloplamin has potential to be a chronic kidney disease biomarker for patients with sickle cell anemia.

Acute Kidney Injury in CCU Patients Linked to Cystatin C

Acute Kidney Injury in CCU Patients Linked to Cystatin C

Among patients admitted to a coronary care unit, the highest quartile of serum cystatin C levels was associated with a 9.6-fold increased risk of AKI compared with the lowest quartile.

High ESA and Iron Doses Up CVD, Death Risk in Hemodialysis Patients

High ESA and Iron Doses Up CVD, Death Risk in Hemodialysis Patients

High doses of iron are associated with a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular disease, regardless of the dose of erythropoiesis-stimulating agent.

Severe Hypoglycemia a Red Flag for Cardiovascular Risks

Severe Hypoglycemia a Red Flag for Cardiovascular Risks

Severe hypoglycemia is associated with coronary heart disease, cardiovascular mortality, and cancer mortality.

CVD Hospitalization Rates Have Declined for Diabetes Patients

CVD Hospitalization Rates Have Declined for Diabetes Patients

For patients with diabetes, there was a significant decrease in hospitalization rates for acute coronary syndrome, cardiac dysrhythmia, heart failure, and certain strokes.

Coffee Benefits May Outweigh Risks

Coffee Benefits May Outweigh Risks

Coffee consumption was affiliated with more positives than negatives across a wide range of health outcomes.

Acute Kidney Injury Predicts Heart Failure

Acute Kidney Injury Predicts Heart Failure

In a study of hospitalized US veterans, AKI was associated with a 23% increased risk of heart failure compared with the absence of AKI.

Nut Consumption Tied With Lower Heart Disease Risk

Nut Consumption Tied With Lower Heart Disease Risk

Both total intake of nuts and consumption of peanuts/tree nuts and walnuts tied to lower risk.

Statins Reduce Risk of MACE in Patients With ASCVD

Statins Reduce Risk of MACE in Patients With ASCVD

Reduced frequency of MACE for patients receiving statins, especially high-intensity statins.

Waist-to-hip Ratio Predicts CV Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients

Waist-to-hip Ratio Predicts CV Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients

Each 0.1 increase in WHR is associated with a 1.7-fold increased risk of cardiovascular death.

Hypertension, Diabetes at Hemodialysis Initiation Increasing

Hypertension, Diabetes at Hemodialysis Initiation Increasing

From 1995 to 2015, the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes among patients starting hemodialysis increased from 67.9% to 87.6% and from 43.1% to 59.6%, respectively.

Post-Dialysis Survival Odds Better After CABG vs PCI

Post-Dialysis Survival Odds Better After CABG vs PCI

US veterans who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting versus percutaneous coronary intervention prior to starting dialysis had a 28% lower risk of death.

Statins May Raise Odds of Type 2 Diabetes in Those at High Risk

Statins May Raise Odds of Type 2 Diabetes in Those at High Risk

In any Diabetes Prevention Program treatment group, statin use tied to increased diabetes risk.

Sudden Cardiac Death Top Culprit in Diabetes With Atherosclerosis

Sudden Cardiac Death Top Culprit in Diabetes With Atherosclerosis

27% of CV deaths in diabetes patients with atherosclerotic CVD are categorized as sudden death.

Greater Heart Disease Benefits From Yoga Aerobics Combo

Greater Heart Disease Benefits From Yoga Aerobics Combo

Greater improvement in CHD risk factors for combined intervention versus either alone.

Bleeding, Death Similar for DOAC vs Warfarin in VTE

Bleeding, Death Similar for DOAC vs Warfarin in VTE

Direct oral anticoagulants not linked to increased risk of major bleeding, death in venous thromboembolism

Prostate Cancer Hormone Therapy Ups Cardiac Risks

Prostate Cancer Hormone Therapy Ups Cardiac Risks

Exposure to androgen-deprivation therapy was associated with a nearly 2-fold increased risk of heart failure among men without pre-existing cardiovascular disease.

High Rates of Infective Endocarditis Found Among ESRD Patients

High Rates of Infective Endocarditis Found Among ESRD Patients

Hemodialysis patients had higher rates of infective endocarditis than peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplant patients.

Less Than 1 in 2 Patients Receives Approval for PCSK9i Rx

Less Than 1 in 2 Patients Receives Approval for PCSK9i Rx

Overall, therapy was received by just 30.9% of those prescribed PCSK9 inhibitors.

Halting Low-Dose Aspirin Increases Cardiovascular Events

Halting Low-Dose Aspirin Increases Cardiovascular Events

Findings in a large study of long-term low-dose aspirin users.

Statin Use Tied With Lower Death Risk in Elderly Men

Statin Use Tied With Lower Death Risk in Elderly Men

The researchers found that over the study period statin use was associated with an 18% lower risk of all-cause mortality and non-significantly lower risk of CVD events and stroke.

Statin, ACEI/ARB Nonadherence Dangerous After Heart Attack

Statin, ACEI/ARB Nonadherence Dangerous After Heart Attack

Adherence to beta-blockers may not be as beneficial to patients after myocardial infarction.

Anagliptin Improves LDL Partly Via ApoB-100 Suppression

Anagliptin Improves LDL Partly Via ApoB-100 Suppression

The results demonstrated a tendency for a decrease in LDL-C level at 24 weeks in the ANA group, and improvement was mediated through the suppression of apoB-100 synthesis.

Exenatide Does Not Increase Cardiovascular Risk in Type 2 Diabetes

Exenatide Does Not Increase Cardiovascular Risk in Type 2 Diabetes

Administration of exenatide in patients with type 2 diabetes at a wide range of cardiovascular risk appeared not to cause an increase in their overall cardiovascular risk.

Cardiovascular Drugs Not Tied to Cognitive Impairment

Cardiovascular Drugs Not Tied to Cognitive Impairment

The researchers found that there was no evidence of an independent correlation between impaired cognitive function and antihypertensive use.

No Difference in Cognitive Function With Evolocumab Plus Statins

No Difference in Cognitive Function With Evolocumab Plus Statins

No associations were seen between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and cognitive changes in an exploratory analysis.

Anacetrapib May Reduce Coronary Events

Anacetrapib May Reduce Coronary Events

The use of anacetrapib resulted in a lower incidence of major coronary events than the use of placebo.

Many Older Adults With A-Fib Do Not Receive Anticoagulants

Many Older Adults With A-Fib Do Not Receive Anticoagulants

The researchers found that there was an increase in NOAC use over time, warfarin use did not change, and overall anticoagulant use increased.

Retinal Emboli Associated With CVD Risk Factors, Stroke, CKD

Retinal Emboli Associated With CVD Risk Factors, Stroke, CKD

Older age, Indian ethnicity, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, creatinine level, glomerular filtration rate, and history of stroke were associated with prevalent retinal emboli in multivariable-adjusted analysis.

Canakinumab 150 mg Linked With Fewer Recurrent Cardiac Events

Canakinumab 150 mg Linked With Fewer Recurrent Cardiac Events

Canakinumab at a dose of 150 mg every 3 months led to a significantly lower rate of recurrent cardiovascular events than placebo.

Prostate Cancer ADT Linked With Cardiovascular Risks, Depression

Prostate Cancer ADT Linked With Cardiovascular Risks, Depression

In a study, the risk for heart failure was 81% higher among patients who received androgen deprivation therapy.

High Carb Diet Linked With Early Death

High Carb Diet Linked With Early Death

High-carb diets were associated with a 28% increased risk of death vs low-carb diets.

Liraglutide Linked With Lower Diabetic Kidney Disease Risk

Liraglutide Linked With Lower Diabetic Kidney Disease Risk

Liraglutide-treated patients were 22% less likely than placebo recipients to experience a composite outcome of renal events.

ApoB May Be Better Biomarker for CVD Events

ApoB May Be Better Biomarker for CVD Events

ApoB is a superior marker of cardiovascular disease risk than LDL-C.

Intensive Blood Pressure-Lowering as Safe as Usual Care

Intensive Blood Pressure-Lowering as Safe as Usual Care

The researchers found patients on intensive blood pressure treatment fared as well as those on standard care.

Rivaroxaban With Aspirin Most Effective in Stable Atherosclerotic Disease

Rivaroxaban With Aspirin Most Effective in Stable Atherosclerotic Disease

Cardiovascular death, stroke, or myocardial infarction occurred in fewer patients in the rivaroxaban-plus-aspirin group than in the aspirin-alone group.

Visceral to Subcutaneous Fat Ratio Predicts CVD in Diabetes

Visceral to Subcutaneous Fat Ratio Predicts CVD in Diabetes

The addition of V/S ratio to age, eGFR, BNP, antiplatelet agents, and HbA1c significantly improved classification performance for CVD.

Short-term Arterial Thromboembolism Risk Elevated in Cancer Patients

Short-term Arterial Thromboembolism Risk Elevated in Cancer Patients

The six-month cumulative incidence of myocardial infarction was 2.0% and 0.7% in patients with cancer and controls, respectively.

Light to Moderate Alcohol Use May Reduce CVD Deaths

Light to Moderate Alcohol Use May Reduce CVD Deaths

Those who were light or moderate alcohol consumers, compared with lifestyle abstainers, had a reduced risk of all-cause mortality and CVD mortality.

CPAP Does Not Harm Renal Function in OSA, CVD Patients

CPAP Does Not Harm Renal Function in OSA, CVD Patients

The researchers found that after a median period of 4.4 years, the median change in estimated glomerular filtration rate did not differ significantly between the CPAP and usual-care groups.

Decreasing Kidney Function Increases Atrial Fibrillation Risk

Decreasing Kidney Function Increases Atrial Fibrillation Risk

Atrial fibrillation risk increases as estimated glomerular filtration rate decreases and albuminuria increases, according to a new meta-analysis.

High Sodium Intake Associated With Adverse Cardiac Strain

High Sodium Intake Associated With Adverse Cardiac Strain

The researchers found that estimated sodium intake greater than 3.7 g per day correlated with larger left atrial and left ventricular dimensions.

Depression Following CAD Diagnosis Increases Mortality

Depression Following CAD Diagnosis Increases Mortality

During a mean follow-up of 9.7 years, 40% of patients died; 50% among those with depression vs 38% among those without depression.

Discontinuing Statin Therapy After Stroke Ups Risk of Recurrence

Discontinuing Statin Therapy After Stroke Ups Risk of Recurrence

Discontinuation of statin therapy between 3 and 6 months after an index ischemic stroke was associated with a higher risk of recurrent stroke within one year after statin discontinuation.

Interval Training Reduces CVD Risk in Testicular Cancer Patients

Interval Training Reduces CVD Risk in Testicular Cancer Patients

Compared with usual care, HIIT correlated with a 20% reduction in the prevalence of modifiable CVD risk factors.

Continuing Statins After Adverse Rx May Prevent CV Events

Continuing Statins After Adverse Rx May Prevent CV Events

Continued statin prescriptions after an adverse reaction were associated with a lower incidence of death and cardiovascular events.

Coronary CT Helps Predict CV Events in Type 2 Diabetes

Coronary CT Helps Predict CV Events in Type 2 Diabetes

Addition of CCTA-detected obstructive coronary artery disease to risk factors ups prediction of MACE.

Clonal Hematopoiesis Associated With CHD, Atherosclerosis

Clonal Hematopoiesis Associated With CHD, Atherosclerosis

Participants with CHIP had a four-fold increased risk compared with noncarriers in 2 retrospective case-control cohorts for evaluation of early-onset myocardial infarction.

Replacing Saturated Fats Effective at Reducing CVD Risk

Replacing Saturated Fats Effective at Reducing CVD Risk

A healthy diet should focus on healthy foods rich in nutrients that can help reduce disease risk, like poly- and monounsaturated vegetable oils, nuts, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, and others.

Traditional Chinese Medicine May Treat CVD

Traditional Chinese Medicine May Treat CVD

For patients who can't tolerate or afford hypertension medications, the research suggested some herbal alternatives: tiankuijiangya, zhongfujiangya, jiangyabao, and jiangya.

Psychological Distress Increases Death Risk in Heart Disease

Psychological Distress Increases Death Risk in Heart Disease

Patients suffering from mental distress experienced higher all-cause cardiovascular deaths.

Hypogonadism Ups MetS Risk in Testicular Cancer Patients

Hypogonadism Ups MetS Risk in Testicular Cancer Patients

Hypogonadal testicular cancer survivors had 15 times higher odds of metabolic syndrome than their eugonadal counterparts.

Non-Dialysis CKD Patients With Anemia Have More CVD, Worse QoL

Non-Dialysis CKD Patients With Anemia Have More CVD, Worse QoL

Anemic patients were 41% and 80% more likely to have coronary artery disease and peripheral artery disease than non-anemic patients.

Long-Term Antiplatelet Tx Tied to Higher Bleeding Risk in Elderly

Long-Term Antiplatelet Tx Tied to Higher Bleeding Risk in Elderly

The researchers found that during 13,509 patient-years of follow-up, 3166 patients had 405 first bleeding events.

Insulin Degludec Noninferior to Glargine for CV Events in T2DM

Insulin Degludec Noninferior to Glargine for CV Events in T2DM

The researchers found that the primary outcome of first occurrence of an adjudicated major cardiovascular event occurred in 8.5% and 9.3% of patients in the degludec and glargine groups, respectively.

Rise in High-intensity Statin Rx After Myocardial Infarction

Rise in High-intensity Statin Rx After Myocardial Infarction

Male sex, filling β-blocker and antiplatelet agent prescriptions, and attending cardiac rehabilitation within 30 days of discharge were factors associated with filling high-intensity statin prescriptions in 2014.

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