Tong J. Gan

All articles by Tong J. Gan

Electroconvulsive therapy

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Prior to the introduction of anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the 1970s, up to 50% of patients experienced fractures of the extremities, vertebrae, or teeth. Anesthetic care with the use of sedative/hypnotics, muscle relaxants, and ventilatory support has greatly decreased the risk of injury associated…

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