Raymond Joseph

All articles by Raymond Joseph

Anterior Cervical Fusion

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) or anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is used to treat compressive cervical radiculopathy due to either cervical spondylosis or disc herniation. At present there is little evidence that ACDF provides better long-term outcomes compared to conservative treatments. A recent review of…

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