K. McGlynn Patrick, Author at Renal and Urology News

K. McGlynn Patrick

All articles by K. McGlynn Patrick

Hypertension: Secondary Hypertension

Does this patient have secondary hypertension? Secondary hypertension (HTN) can be defined as HTN that has a specific cause, and thus is potentially curable. Although this has not been carefully evaluated in the literature, it represents about 10-15% of all patients with HTN. Common causes Renal Parenchymal Disease: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), any etiology of…

Calcium Metabolism Disorders

What is the cause of this patient's calcium metabolism disorder? Hypercalcemia Hypercalcemia occurs when the serum level of ionized (free), not total, calcium increases. It occurs when the total serum calcium level is >10.5 mg/dL or the ionized calcium level is > 5.6 mg/dL (1.4 mmol/L). Hypercalcemia is a common disorder that can be a…

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