Joshua Copel, Author at Renal and Urology News

Joshua Copel

All articles by Joshua Copel

Fetal bradycardia

Fetal Bradycardia 1. What every clinician should know Clinical features Fetal arrhythmias affect over 2% of pregnancies and include irregularities of the cardiac rhythm, rate or a combination of both. Fetal bradycardia is defined as a sustained fetal heart rate less than 110 beats per minute. Once fetal bradycardia is noted, a quick ultrasound examination…

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