Jonathan Frogel

All articles by Jonathan Frogel

Minimally Invasive ASD/VSD

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Adult patients presenting for minimally invasive ASD (atrial septal defect) or VSD (ventricular septal defect)repair may have a wide range of pathologies. The location, size, and type of the shunt lesion can have major implications on the planned intervention, surgical approach, and, by extension, conduct of…

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