Flavia V. Castelino, Author at Renal and Urology News

Flavia V. Castelino

All articles by Flavia V. Castelino

Scleroderma and Other Fibrosing Conditions

Does this patient have scleroderma? The term scleroderma comes from the Greek “skleros”, meaning hard, and “derma”, meaning skin. Patients with scleroderma experience thickening and hardening of the skin which occurs due to excessive collagen deposition and fibrosis of the skin. Scleroderma is a term which encompasses several syndromes, and is subdivided into localized scleroderma…

Raynaud's Phenomenon

Does this patient have Raynaud's phenomenon? Raynaud’s phenomenon (RP) is an episodic, exaggerated vascular response in which digital arteries constrict or spasm in response to cold temperatures or emotional stress. This disorder derives its name from Maurice Raynaud who described the first case in 1862. Prevalence rates in the general population range from 3-20%, with…

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