Donald Mackay, Author at Renal and Urology News

Donald Mackay

All articles by Donald Mackay

Encephalocele (Cephalocele; Encephalocystocele; Encephalomyelocele; Hydroencephalocele; Hydromeningocele, cranial; Meningocele; Meningoencephalocele)

Are You Confident of the Diagnosis? An encephalocele is a protrusion of intracranial contents, specifically brain and meninges, through a defect in the skull.Frontoethmoid encephaloceles will often present as external masses. Encephaloceles of the cranial base often present intranasally. What you should be alert for in the history History reveals a midline mass noticed at…

Nasal Glioma & Cranial Facial Dermoid

Are You Confident of the Diagnosis? Nasal gliomas are masses that consist of heterotopic glial tissue. They are thought by some to be encephaloceles that have lost the intracranial connection and by others to be formes fruste of nasal dermal sinus tracts. Although there is no patent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) connection to the subarachnoid space,…

Meningocele, cerebral (Encephalocele; Cephalocele; Encephalocystocele; Encephalomyelocele; Hydroencephalocele; Hydromeningocele, cranial; Meningoencephalocele)

Are You Confident of the Diagnosis? A meningocele is a protrusion of intracranial contents through a defect in the skull. Meningioceles contain meninges alone, without actual brain tissue herniating through the defect. If both brain and meninges are contained in the mass, the term meningoencephalocele is used. What you should be alert for in the…

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