Deborah R. Levy, Author at Renal and Urology News

Deborah R. Levy

All articles by Deborah R. Levy

Hypoglycemia

I. Problem Definition. Hypoglycemia is a common metabolic emergency, defined as a blood glucose level below 60mg/dL (or 3.0mmol/L). Hypoglycemia can be asymptomatic, or can be associated with typical symptoms which can be categorized as either sympathetic effects, or those related to the impact on the brainstem. Symptoms related to sympathetic effects (or autonomic, as…

Palliative care: Non-pain Management

I. Problem/Challenge. To address non-pain symptoms in palliative care patients This chapter outlines how to develop a systematic approach to a patient with serious illness who has an uncontrolled symptom, by working to identify the underlying cause of the symptom and then to develop a treatment approach based on the cause. This section will approach…

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