Brian F. Birnbaum, Author at Renal and Urology News

Brian F. Birnbaum

All articles by Brian F. Birnbaum

Congenital Vascular Syndromes

What every physician needs to know about congenital pulmonary vascular syndromes Pulmonary vascular syndromes are most easily divided into pulmonary artery disease and pulmonary vein disease. Arterial diseases include supravalvular pulmonary stenosis, peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis, pulmonary artery sling and pulmonary artery agenesis/hypogenesis. These pulmonary artery diseases may also be related to congenital heart disease…

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