Alfred Kim, Author at Renal and Urology News

Alfred Kim

All articles by Alfred Kim

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Does this patient have systemic lupus erythematosus? Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic disease of unknown etiology in which immune responses are directed against the body’s own tissues. SLE is a disease whose hallmarks are autoantibodies and complement activation. While some autoantibodies are clearly pathogenic (i.e., anti-platelet antibodies, anti-lymphocyte antibodies), others (i.e., anti-dsDNA antibodies)…

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