World Literature Review
Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) independently predicts greater mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients, Israeli researchers report.
Among older individuals, an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) below 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 is associated with a nearly twofold increased risk of hip-fracture-related mortality, according to British researchers.
Intermittent hormonal therapy (IHT) for men with locally advanced and metastatic prostate cancer is associated with no reduction in disease progression or survival, according to a European study.
Prior history of treatment with pulse methylprednisolone may increase the risk of fatal infection in pediatric lupus nephritis (LN) patients treated with IV cyclophosphamide (IVCY), researchers reported.
Elevated pulse pressure is associated with an increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular death in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), according to a Canadian study.
Pretreatment C-reactive protein (CRP) levels can be a prognostic marker for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), a Japanese study suggests.
Recent blood transfusions, male gender, and diabetes mellitus are independently associated with an increased risk of sudden death in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), a Chinese study concluded.
Among prostate cancer patients who had no erectile dysfunction (ED) before undergoing cryosurgery, more than one third recovered full sexual function two years post-operatively, a British study found.
Medical expulsive therapy (MET) following shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) results in a significant increase in successful treatment outcomes, according to Canadian researchers.
Patients who receive alfuzosin as treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) experience improvements in sexual function as well lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), a South Korean study suggests.
Hemodialysis (HD) is associated with a pronounced drop in myocardial perfusion, a study shows.
Bladder cancer is diagnosed about six years earlier in current smokers than in current nonsmokers, according to Japanese investigators.
Kidney stone formers with essential hypertension have increased acid excretion, Italian researchers reported.
Urological complications occur frequently following transplantation of deceased cardiac donor (DCD) kidneys but do not affect graft survival, researchers in the Netherlands have concluded.
Bulbomembranous (BM) urethral strictures are the most common grade 2 or higher urinary toxicity following high dose rate brachytherapy (HDRB), according to Australian investigators.
Two modes of acupuncture appear to decrease the number and distress of hot flushes in men receiving castrational treatment for prostate cancer, according to a Swedish study.
Adjuvant radiotherapy following radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer has no effect on overall and cancer-specific survival, a Canadian team reports.
Measuring levels of the chemokine fractalkine in the urine is a noninvasive way to detect acute rejection of renal allografts, according to Chinese investigators. High levels are associated with steroid resistance and poor outcome.
Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (BP-ONJ) may be an underestimated problem in prostate cancer patients treated with zoledronate, German investigators suggest.
Data from a German study suggest that IV-administered epoetin zeta—a new erythropoietin preparation—is safe for maintenance treatment of anemia in patients with end-stage renal disease.
Patients with symptomatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have worse survival than those who have asymptomatic RCC detected incidentally, according to researchers from the Czech Republic.
Diabetic nephropathy and CVD prior to renal transplantation are the most important predictors of post-transplant cardiovascular events, researchers in The Netherlands conclude.
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is more effective as induction therapy than cyclophosphamide (CTX) in patients with crescentric lupus nephritis, Chinese investigators report.
Intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is most effective in the long term when selected as initial prophylactic treatment to prevent recurrence of superficial bladder cancer, according to a Japanese study.
Elevated serum normalized alkaline phosphatase (nAP) is associated with significantly higher risks of hospitalization and death among hemodialysis patients, independent of calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone levels, ac-cording to a study of patients in 12 countries.
Patients do not appear to be burdened by clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC), according to researchers in Switzerland.
CKD increases the risk of hospital-acquired acute renal failure (ARF), a study shows. The greater the degree of underlying renal impairment, the greater the ARF risk.
Parenteral estrogen therapy with high-dose polyestradiol phosphate (PEP, Estradurin) has anticancer efficacy similar to that of combined androgen deprivation (CAD) in patients with metastatic prostate cancer, researchers report.
Severe acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant long-term mortality, German investigators conclude.
The UroVysion (UV) assay, which can diagnose urothelial cancer, cannot replace cystoscopy for monitoring patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. According to researchers in Sweden, the assay may be useful as a supplement to traditional measures for detecting carcinoma in situ (CIS).
Evaluating how predialysis patients rise from a chair may provide a simple way to identify those who need help with muscle training and functional exercise, according to researchers in Sweden and Norway.
Six months of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) treatment is as effective in the short term as conventional therapy for primary treatment of membranous nephropathy (MN) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), a pilot study in India found.
Patient weight changes after renal transplantation may be a marker for poor survival, data suggest.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) improves the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with stage 5 CKD, but unexpected deterioration in renal function could occur in patients with earlier CKD stages, investigators in Turkey report.
Focal therapy with high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) of localized prostate cancer provides immediate cancer control, comparable to that of other treatment modalities, according to Japanese researchers.
Antihypertensive treatment with perindopril prevents recurrent stroke in CKD patients across a wide spectrum of BP levels, according to Australian and Japanese researchers. They saw no evidence for a higher risk of stroke among individuals with low BP.
Enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium is effective and well-tolerated in patients with active lupus nephritis, Hong Kong researchers report.
Renal transplant recipients have similar death-censored graft survival regardless of age, according to researchers in Norway.
Following an initial PSA test result of 3.0-19.99 ng/mL in men aged 50-70 years, a repeat PSA test within seven weeks allows for more accurate assessment as to whether a biopsy will reveal prostate cancer, a British team reports.
It may be reasonable to postpone renal transplantation in patients with certain types of renal failure because late recovery of kidney function might occur, according to British researchers.
Researchers who studied a large cohort of Chinese men found an inverse relationship between alcohol consumption and end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
Treatment with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is effective for carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the bladder, according to Japanese researchers.
Ascorbate deficiency is common among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and can be identified readily with serum ascorbate measurements, researchers in Australia report.
Thailand has a "remarkably high" prevalence of CKD among individuals aged 35 years and older, according to Thai and Australian researchers.
The efficacy of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of symptomatic BPH increases with prostate size, according to researchers in India.
A diet high in vegetable intake is associated with a lower risk of surgically treated BPH, according to Australian researchers.
Patients with Gleason 8-10 prostate tumors have a poor prognosis, according to researchers at the Henri Mondor University Hospital in Créteil, France.
Increasing duration of dialysis is associated with an increased risk of delayed graft function (DGF) following renal transplantation, researchers in Canada have found.
Low dihydrotestosterone (DHT) may be associated with decreased survival in prostate cancer patients, according to researchers in Sweden.
Elevated plasma levels of urotensin II (UTN) predicts a lower risk of death from all causes and cardiovascular causes in CKD patients, Italian researchers conclude.
Renal and Urology News Articles
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NEPHROLOGY & UROLOGY NEWS
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)
- Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
- Contrast Nephropathy
- Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
- Diabetic Nephropathy
- End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
- Lupus Nephritis
- Peritoneal Dialysis
- Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT)