Race Differences

Nonmedical Attributes Tied to Later Kidney Transplant Waits

Nonmedical Attributes Tied to Later Kidney Transplant Waits

African-Americans less likely to be wait-listed; higher income positively associated with wait-listing.

Rapid Kidney Function Decline in Blacks Linked to Elevated Uric Acid

Rapid Kidney Function Decline in Blacks Linked to Elevated Uric Acid

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Each 1 standard deviation in baseline uric acid levels was associated with a significant 80% increased odds of rapid kidney function decline.

Lower SBP Goal for Blacks May Prevent Cognitive Decline

Lower SBP Goal for Blacks May Prevent Cognitive Decline

The researchers found that scores on the cognitive tests were linked with the patient's systolic blood pressure.

Blacks Less Likely to Undergo Definitive Prostate Cancer Therapy

Blacks Less Likely to Undergo Definitive Prostate Cancer Therapy

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Study of men with intermediate- or high-risk prostate cancer finds facility-level racial disparity in use of definitive treatment.

Decisional Regret Doesn't Vary by Tx in PCa

Decisional Regret Doesn't Vary by Tx in PCa

Across time, only African-American race correlated with greater regret.

Hospitalizations for Heart Failure Decreasing in US

Hospitalizations for Heart Failure Decreasing in US

Between 2002 and 2013, heart failure hospitalizations declined by 30.8% nationwide, and continue to drop.

Novel Markers May Predict Prostate Cancer in Non-Black Men

Novel Markers May Predict Prostate Cancer in Non-Black Men

No added benefit was seen with the addition of biomarkers for African-American men.

HbA1c Influenced by Race, Socioeconomic Factors

HbA1c Influenced by Race, Socioeconomic Factors

What's important is that doctors and other health-care providers, as well as patients, don't just assume these differences are normal and inconsequential.

New UNOS Kidney Allocation System Narrowed Racial Gaps in Transplant

New UNOS Kidney Allocation System Narrowed Racial Gaps in Transplant

The researchers observed a narrowing of disparities in the average monthly transplantation rates with implementation of the new system.

ESRD Risk Higher Among Black, Male Living Kidney Donors

ESRD Risk Higher Among Black, Male Living Kidney Donors

The researchers found that black race and male sex correlated with increased risk of ESRD in donors.

USPSTF Issues Draft PCa Screening Recommendations

USPSTF Issues Draft PCa Screening Recommendations

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The US Preventive Services Task Force now suggests decisions about PSA testing should be made on an individual basis for men aged 55 to 69.

Prostate Cancer Risk Lower in Black Men With High VDBP

Prostate Cancer Risk Lower in Black Men With High VDBP

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Highest vs lowest quartile of vitamin D binding protein associated with 55% lower odds of prostate cancer.

Statin Guidance Varies for Black Patients

Statin Guidance Varies for Black Patients

The USPSTF guidelines focus statin recommendations on 38% of high-risk African American individuals at the expense of not recommending treatment in nearly 25% of African Americans.

Sickle Cell Trait in Blacks Increases ESRD Risk

Sickle Cell Trait in Blacks Increases ESRD Risk

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Carriers have a 2-fold higher risk of end-stage renal disease compared with non-carriers, study finds.

PSA, PSAD Less Predictive of Aggressive PCa in Black Men

PSA, PSAD Less Predictive of Aggressive PCa in Black Men

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Study finds that PSA and PSAD indicated prostate cancer above Gleason score 6 for white men only.

Black Patients May Be Adversely Affected by Less PSA Screening

Black Patients May Be Adversely Affected by Less PSA Screening

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Black patients who met age criteria for PSA screening were 28% more likely to die of their prostate cancer than patients ineligible for screening.

Black Gout Sufferers Have Worse HRQoL

Black Gout Sufferers Have Worse HRQoL

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Blacks had significantly higher median baseline serum urate levels compared to whites.

Asians With Metastatic Prostate Cancer Have Better Survival

Asians With Metastatic Prostate Cancer Have Better Survival

The median OS differed by race, with superior OS observed among Asian men than among men of other races.

Survival Rates Differ by Race for Pediatric ESRD Patients

Survival Rates Differ by Race for Pediatric ESRD Patients

Non-Hispanic black children had a 36% higher risk of death and Hispanic children had a 34% lower risk of death than non-Hispanic white children.

Older Adults Have Many Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Older Adults Have Many Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Blacks have increased incidence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, but not a-fib.

Racial Disparities Found in Prostate Cancer Treatment

Racial Disparities Found in Prostate Cancer Treatment

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Within each D'Amico risk category, African-American and Hispanic prostate cancer patients were less likely to receive definitive treatment than white patients.

Prostate Cancer Death Rate Higher Among Blacks in Most Big Cities

Prostate Cancer Death Rate Higher Among Blacks in Most Big Cities

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Greatest racial disparity found in Los Angeles, the least in Minneapolis.

High-Risk PCa Found in Black Men Initially on Active Surveillance

High-Risk PCa Found in Black Men Initially on Active Surveillance

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Even black men with relatively few comorbidities had increased risks of upgrading or upstaging compared with non-black patients.

Intensive BP Control in CKD Improves Survival

Intensive BP Control in CKD Improves Survival

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Black CKD patients with strict blood pressure control had a 19% lower risk of premature death.

Adjuvant ADT May Up Mortality in Black Prostate Cancer Patients

Adjuvant ADT May Up Mortality in Black Prostate Cancer Patients

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Androgen deprivation increased all-cause mortality risk by 77% among black men who underwent brachytherapy for favorable-risk prostate cancer.

Race Affects Switch From Prostate Cancer Observation to Active Therapy

Race Affects Switch From Prostate Cancer Observation to Active Therapy

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Blacks found to be slightly more likely than whites to leave observational management to undergo radiotherapy or surgery.

Many Young Men Not Tested for HIV

Many Young Men Not Tested for HIV

HIV test performed at 1.0% of visits made by young males; higher rates for blacks, Hispanics.

Blacks With Diabetes and CKD Have Higher CVD Risk

Blacks With Diabetes and CKD Have Higher CVD Risk

Odds of cardiovascular mortality 14.8% higher in black Americans with both conditions.

Patient Autonomy May Improve Phosphate Binder Adherence

Patient Autonomy May Improve Phosphate Binder Adherence

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Autonomy support could be an appropriate target for culturally informed strategies to optimize mineral bone health.

Patient Non-Adherence Predicts Worse Kidney Transplant Outcomes

Patient Non-Adherence Predicts Worse Kidney Transplant Outcomes

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Rates of non-adherence to follow-up care and medication regimens also found to differ by race.

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