Higher Mortality for Native Americans With Certain Cancers

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Cancer comorbidity higher in AIAN than NHW cancer patients.
Cancer comorbidity higher in AIAN than NHW cancer patients.

Healthday News — Urban American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AIAN) with cancer have a significantly higher comorbidity burden, and have higher mortality for some cancers, according to a study in Cancer Research.

Marc A. Emerson, MPH, from the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Md, and colleagues compared all-cause and prostate, breast, lung, and colorectal cancer-specific mortality among 582 AIAN and 82,696 non-Hispanic white (NHW) individuals diagnosed with primary invasive breast, prostate, lung, or colorectal cancer. Data were extracted on sociodemographic, comorbidity, tumor, clinical, and treatment characteristics.

The researchers found that the comorbidity burden was significantly higher for AIAN than NHW (P < 0.05). All-cause mortality and cancer-specific mortality were significantly higher for AIAN than NHW patients with breast or prostate cancer (hazard ratios, 1.47 and 1.87, respectively), but not those with lung or colorectal cancer, after adjustment for patient, disease characteristics, and Charlson comorbidity scores. Mortality was higher for AIAN than NHW with some cancers despite almost equal access to preventive services and cancer care in this setting; furthermore, a greater proportion of AIAN cancer patients had multiple comorbid conditions.

"This study provides severely needed information on the cancer experience of the 71% of AIANs who live in urban areas and access cancer care outside of the Indian Health Services, from which the vast majority of AIAN cancer information comes," the authors write.

Reference

Emerson MA, Banegas MP, Chawla N, et al. Disparities in Prostate, Lung, Breast, and Colorectal Cancer Survival and Comorbidity Status among Urban American Indians and Alaskan Natives. Cancer Res. 2017 Nov 29. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-17-0429

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