Peritoneal Dialysis

For Treating Uremic Pruritus, Evidence is Strongest for Gabapentin

For Treating Uremic Pruritus, Evidence is Strongest for Gabapentin

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Except for gabapentin, evidence for 38 other treatments is weak and limited by small studies with a high risk of bias, new review finds.

Venous Thromboembolism Risk Elevated in Dialysis Patients

Venous Thromboembolism Risk Elevated in Dialysis Patients

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VTE is more common among dialysis patients than in the general population, and the risk is highest in the first 6 months after dialysis initiation.

Insurance Type Affects Initial Dialysis Modality Choice

Insurance Type Affects Initial Dialysis Modality Choice

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ESRD patients aged 60-64 years with no insurance or who are on Medicaid are less likely to initiate peritoneal dialysis.

Topical Gentamicin Superior for Preventing Some PD Infections

Topical Gentamicin Superior for Preventing Some PD Infections

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Gentamicin cream use was associated with fewer exit-site infections due to gram-negative bacteria.

Female PD Patients Have Lower Hemoglobin Despite Anemia Treatment

Female PD Patients Have Lower Hemoglobin Despite Anemia Treatment

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New and established peritoneal dialysis patients both showed this trend.

Calciphylaxis Risk Higher in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

Calciphylaxis Risk Higher in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

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Their risk of the rare but life-threatening condition is twice as high as in hemodialysis patients.

Low Sodium Levels Up  PD Patient Mortality

Low Sodium Levels Up PD Patient Mortality

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Patients in the lowest serum sodium group had a 49% increased risk of dying compared with those who had the highest serum sodium levels.

Peritoneal Dialysis Patient Death Risk Linked to Thyroid Dysfunction

Peritoneal Dialysis Patient Death Risk Linked to Thyroid Dysfunction

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Hypo- and hyperthyroidism predict an increased risk of all-cause mortality.

Assisted PD May Be a Safe Alternative to In-Center HD

Assisted PD May Be a Safe Alternative to In-Center HD

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Assisted peritoneal dialysis and in-center hemodialysis are associated with similar hospitalization rates.

Low Sodium Increases Death Risk in Peritoneal Dialysis

Low Sodium Increases Death Risk in Peritoneal Dialysis

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Sodium levels below 140 mEq/L associated with a higher death risk vs levels of 140 to less than 142 mEq/L.

ACEIs, ARBs May Cut Peritoneal Dialysis Initiators' CV Risk

ACEIs, ARBs May Cut Peritoneal Dialysis Initiators' CV Risk

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Researchers found a 16% lower risk for strokes, heart attacks, and death combined among patients who took ACEIs or ARBs.

Higher Cancer Risk in Dialysis Patients Confirmed

Higher Cancer Risk in Dialysis Patients Confirmed

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The risk is most elevated among individuals aged 44 years or younger.

Anemia Risk Factors in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients ID'd

Anemia Risk Factors in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients ID'd

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New findings implicate transferrin saturation and nutritional status assessed by albumin.

Rapid Use of PD Catheters in Children Possible

Rapid Use of PD Catheters in Children Possible

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Researchers report successful use of catheters within 24 hours in urgent situations.

Peritoneal Dialysis Outpacing Home Hemodialysis

Peritoneal Dialysis Outpacing Home Hemodialysis

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Trend started around the introduction of the Medicare prospective payment system for dialysis care.

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Home Dialysis Outcomes Identified

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Home Dialysis Outcomes Identified

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Blacks undergoing PD or home HD and Hispanics undergoing PD are less likely than their white counterparts to receive a kidney transplant.

Fixed-Dose Phosphate Binder Schedules May Be Less Than Ideal

Fixed-Dose Phosphate Binder Schedules May Be Less Than Ideal

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Study of peritoneal dialysis patients showed that they do not adjust binders to match the phosphate content of meals and snacks.

Peritoneal Dialysis Patients May Have Better Post-Transplant Survival

Peritoneal Dialysis Patients May Have Better Post-Transplant Survival

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Meta-analysis suggests a 9% decreased 5-year mortality risk associated with pre-transplant peritoneal dialysis versus hemodialysis.

Death Risk Lower with Home Hemodialysis than Peritoneal Dialysis

Death Risk Lower with Home Hemodialysis than Peritoneal Dialysis

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Daily home hemodialysis also decreases likelihood of hospitalization and technique failure.

Dietary Interventions Improve Hyperphosphatemia Treatment

Dietary Interventions Improve Hyperphosphatemia Treatment

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Cutting back on dietary phosphorus in addition to taking phosphate binders achieved greater decreases in serum phosphate in PD patients.

Study: Patient Survival Better with HHD than PD

Study: Patient Survival Better with HHD than PD

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In a study, home hemodialysis was associated with a 53% decreased risk of death compared with peritoneal dialysis.

Portugal's RRT Incidence Rate Is Highest in Europe

Portugal's RRT Incidence Rate Is Highest in Europe

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New report shows that Montenegro had the lowest rate of renal replacement therapy.

Dementia Risk Lower in Peritoneal Dialysis Initiators

Dementia Risk Lower in Peritoneal Dialysis Initiators

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Starting on peritoneal dialysis was associated with a 25% lower dementia risk versus starting on hemodialysis, a study showed.

Commission Seeks to End AKI Deaths by 2025

Commission Seeks to End AKI Deaths by 2025

Mission 0by25 hopes to stop preventable deaths from AKI by 2025.

Daily Home Hemodialysis May Have Edge vs. Peritoneal Dialysis

Daily Home Hemodialysis May Have Edge vs. Peritoneal Dialysis

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Risk of hospitalization and modality failure is significantly lower, Canadian study finds.

Hyperphosphatemia Raises Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC) Risk in Peritoneal Dialysis

Hyperphosphatemia Raises Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC) Risk in Peritoneal Dialysis

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Study of coronary artery calcification (CAC) risk also shows serum phosphorus levels associated with nutritional intake and dialysis adequacy.

Peritoneal Dialysis Offers Early Survival Advantage Over Hemodialysis

Peritoneal Dialysis Offers Early Survival Advantage Over Hemodialysis

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New study excluded hemodialysis patients who used central venous catheters for vascular access.

Home Dialysis On the Rise Despite High Cost

Home Dialysis On the Rise Despite High Cost

Experts say that issues of cost to providers have prevented broader application of home dialysis.

Mortality in Lupus Patients Does Not Differ By Dialysis Type

Mortality in Lupus Patients Does Not Differ By Dialysis Type

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Large study looked at matched pairs of lupus patients with renal disease starting dialysis with hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.

Starting on Peritoneal Dialysis May Offer Survival Edge

Starting on Peritoneal Dialysis May Offer Survival Edge

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Highest survival rates found among patients whose initial dialysis modality was PD but where then switched to hemodialysis.

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