Peritoneal Dialysis

Hyperphosphatemia Raises Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC) Risk in Peritoneal Dialysis

Hyperphosphatemia Raises Coronary Artery Calcification (CAC) Risk in Peritoneal Dialysis

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Study of coronary artery calcification (CAC) risk also shows serum phosphorus levels associated with nutritional intake and dialysis adequacy.

Peritoneal Dialysis Offers Early Survival Advantage Over Hemodialysis

Peritoneal Dialysis Offers Early Survival Advantage Over Hemodialysis

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New study excluded hemodialysis patients who used central venous catheters for vascular access.

Home Dialysis On the Rise Despite High Cost

Home Dialysis On the Rise Despite High Cost

Experts say that issues of cost to providers have prevented broader application of home dialysis.

Mortality in Lupus Patients Does Not Differ By Dialysis Type

Mortality in Lupus Patients Does Not Differ By Dialysis Type

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Large study looked at matched pairs of lupus patients with renal disease starting dialysis with hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.

Starting on Peritoneal Dialysis May Offer Survival Edge

Starting on Peritoneal Dialysis May Offer Survival Edge

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Highest survival rates found among patients whose initial dialysis modality was PD but where then switched to hemodialysis.

Fracture Risk Varies by Renal Replacement Therapy

Fracture Risk Varies by Renal Replacement Therapy

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Hemodialysis patients are at higher risk than peritoneal dialysis and renal transplant recipients.

Hemodialysis Patients Face Higher Hip Fracture Risk

Hemodialysis Patients Face Higher Hip Fracture Risk

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The risk is more than 13 times greater than with peritoneal dialysis.

Anemia Management Changing in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

Anemia Management Changing in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

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Study reveals a decline in the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and an increase in the use of iron.

Have you seen swimming-related infections in PD patients?

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Peritoneal dialysis PD patients are routinely advised not to swim in a lake, a pool, or the sea.

Dialysis Patient Death Rate Continues to Drop

Dialysis Patient Death Rate Continues to Drop

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The adjusted rate fell 26.5% from 1996 to 2011, but remains much higher than in the general population.

CROWNWeb Data: Supporting Infection Control, Hospitalization Initiatives

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An overview of how data from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' CROWNWeb system could provide additional support.

Anemic Peritoneal Dialysis Patients May Benefit from Folic Acid

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Folic acid treatment significantly improved hemoglobin levels and decreased epoetin alfa use.

New-Onset Diabetes Less Likely with Peritoneal Dialysis

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Researchers speculate patients on peritoneal dialysis are more physically active than those on HD, and this may lower diabetes risk.

Vascular Calcification Linked to Lower Phosphate Clearance

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Vascular calcification contributes to increased cardiovascular risk in dialysis patients.

Vitamin D Deficiency Hikes Death Risk in Dialysis Patients

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Study of patients new to dialysis also demonstrates an increase in the likelihood of hospitalization.

Honey Ineffective in Preventing Peritoneal Dialysis Infections

Honey Ineffective in Preventing Peritoneal Dialysis Infections

No difference in time to peritoneal-dialysis-related infection with honey at exit site, usual care

Peritoneal Dialysis May Reduce Stroke Damage

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PD may lower glutamate levels released into the brain during ischemic stroke, minimizing tissue damage

Fluid Overload Increases Kidney Disease Progression Risk

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Severe fluid overload in patients with advanced CKD increases by threefold the likelihood of initiation of renal replacement therapy.

Fish Oil, Omega-3 Improves Blood Lipid Parameters in CKD

Fish Oil, Omega-3 Improves Blood Lipid Parameters in CKD

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The benefits of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids in renal populations were last discussed in this column in 2007.

Self-Cannibalizing for Peritoneal Dialysis Growth?

Self-Cannibalizing for Peritoneal Dialysis Growth?

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In the nephrology community, there have been heightened discussions and apparent enthusiasm about the revival of PD as the prototype for home dialysis.

Peritoneal Dialysis Cheaper than Hemodialysis Worldwide

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Boosting PD use in the U.S. to 12% of dialysis patients from the current 7% would save about $300 million a year, researcher says.

Low Creatinine Raises Death Risk in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

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New findings confirm the prognostic value of serum creatinine levels as a surrogate of muscle mass.

Radiologic Insertion of Tenckhoff Catheters Offers Benefits

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Peritoneal dialysis patients can undergo the procedure on an outpatient basis.

PD Exit-Site Infections Raise Peritonitis Risk

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Patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) who experience an exit-site infection (ESI) are at increased risk for peritonitis.

Pulmonary Hypertension Highly Prevalent in Hemodialysis Patients

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The condition was found in nearly 32% of hemodialysis patients, compared with only 8% and 5% of peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplant patients.

Kidney Function Decline Slows After Dialysis Start

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Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patient experience similar amelioration in glomerular filtration rate decline.

Stroke Risk May Be Lower in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

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They may differ from hemodialysis patients with respect to case mix, volume status, disease management, and routine exposure to anticoagulation.

Sodium Bicarbonate Lowers Phosphorus in PD Patients

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Oral sodium bicarbonate may ease hyperphosphatemia in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with metabolic acidosis.

Hospitalization Risk Less with PD

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Patients initiating dialysis have a lower hospitalization risk in the first year if they start on peritoneal dialysis (PD) instead of hemodialysis (HD).

Infection-Related Hospitalizations More Likely with Peritoneal Dialysis

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The risk is three times greater when compared with hemodialysis.

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