Pediatrics

Predictors of Pediatric OAB Healing Time Identified

Predictors of Pediatric OAB Healing Time Identified

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Thicker bladder wall and a tower-shaped curve on uroflowmetry are associated with shorter healing periods among pediatric patients with overactive bladder.

New Staging System Estimates Time to Kidney Failure in Children

New Staging System Estimates Time to Kidney Failure in Children

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The scheme can help inform follow-up and clinical decision-making.

Caffeine May Prevent Acute Kidney Injury in Preterm Neonates

Caffeine May Prevent Acute Kidney Injury in Preterm Neonates

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In a large study, caffeine administration to neonates born before 33 weeks' gestation reduced their odds of experiencing AKI by a significant 80%.

Children With CKD Have Lower IQs

Children With CKD Have Lower IQs

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One possible explanation is that increased plasma levels of uremic solutes resulting from kidney disease may impair synaptic development.

CERA Effective for Pediatric Hemodialysis Patients With Anemia

CERA Effective for Pediatric Hemodialysis Patients With Anemia

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The safety profile of CERA is similar for children as for adults.

Pretreating Enteral Nutrition Effective for Pediatric Hyperkalemia

Pretreating Enteral Nutrition Effective for Pediatric Hyperkalemia

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Pretreating enteral nutrition formula with sodium polystyrene sulfonate lowers potassium levels in hyperkalemic children with chronic kidney disease, small study finds.

Kidney Failure Risk Equation Validated in Children

Kidney Failure Risk Equation Validated in Children

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The tool demonstrated strong discrimination for ESRD risk in children over the short term.

Darbepoetin Alfa Safe for Pediatric CKD Patients With Anemia

Darbepoetin Alfa Safe for Pediatric CKD Patients With Anemia

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Researchers tested once weekly and biweekly administration of darbepoetin alfa in children aged 1 to 18 years not previously treated with an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent.

Sudden Cardiac Death Risk Increased for Children With Diabetes

Sudden Cardiac Death Risk Increased for Children With Diabetes

Increased risk seen for both all-cause mortality, sudden cardiac death in young people with diabetes.

Girls With ESRD More Likely to Die

Girls With ESRD More Likely to Die

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Girls with end-stage renal disease had 35% greater risk for death than boys.

Sevelamer Carbonate Improves Pediatric Hyperphosphatemia

Sevelamer Carbonate Improves Pediatric Hyperphosphatemia

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Phase 2 randomized placebo-controlled trial demonstrated the safety and efficacy of sevelamer in lowering serum phosphorus levels in children and adolescents.

New Pediatric Hypertension Guidelines Issued

New Pediatric Hypertension Guidelines Issued

The AAP published updated clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of children with hypertension.

Children With Diabetic Ketoacidosis at High Risk of AKI

Children With Diabetic Ketoacidosis at High Risk of AKI

Of the children who developed acute kidney injury, 34.9% had stage 1, 45.3% had stage 2, and 19.8% had stage 3.

Platelet Counts Linked to AKI Severity in Pediatric Open-Heart Surgery

Platelet Counts Linked to AKI Severity in Pediatric Open-Heart Surgery

There is a strong association between magnified nadir platelet counts and the severity of AKI.

Survival Rates Differ by Race for Pediatric ESRD Patients

Survival Rates Differ by Race for Pediatric ESRD Patients

Non-Hispanic black children had a 36% higher risk of death and Hispanic children had a 34% lower risk of death than non-Hispanic white children.

Anemia Linked to Vitamin D Insufficiency in Children With CKD

Anemia Linked to Vitamin D Insufficiency in Children With CKD

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Low vitamin D status was associated with a 2-fold higher risk for anemia.

Young Patients Often Misperceive Adherence to Phosphorus Control

Young Patients Often Misperceive Adherence to Phosphorus Control

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Hyperphosphatemia is present in many who say following diets and binder schedules is easy.

Blood Pressure Goals Needful for Children, Teens

Blood Pressure Goals Needful for Children, Teens

Trajectory data indicate that childhood BP levels correlate with BP status at age 38 years.

World Kidney Day 2016 Focuses on Disease in Childhood

World Kidney Day 2016 Focuses on Disease in Childhood

10% of the population worldwide is impacted by some form of kidney damage.

Poor Appetite, Lower GFR Linked in Children With CKD

Poor Appetite, Lower GFR Linked in Children With CKD

Children with a ieGFR below 30 mL/min/1.73m2 have 4.5-fold greater odds of having a worse appetite.

Gaps in Care for Teenagers With Chronic Conditions

Gaps in Care for Teenagers With Chronic Conditions

Researchers identified 11 risk factors and 9 protective factors related to care gaps.

Rapid Use of PD Catheters in Children Possible

Rapid Use of PD Catheters in Children Possible

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Researchers report successful use of catheters within 24 hours in urgent situations.

Racial Disparity in Survival Found in Pediatric Dialysis Patients

Racial Disparity in Survival Found in Pediatric Dialysis Patients

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African-American children are 64% more likely to die than white children.

SHPT Risk Linked to eGFR in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease

SHPT Risk Linked to eGFR in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease

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High intact parathyroid hormone levels were associated with a lower estimated glomerular filtration rate.

Kidney Stone Cases Rising Among Blacks, Teens

Kidney Stone Cases Rising Among Blacks, Teens

Researchers also report growing number of cases among women and children.

VUR-Related Renal Scarring Characterized

VUR-Related Renal Scarring Characterized

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Older age and a second episode of urinary tract infection identified as risk factors.

Diabetes, Diabetic Nephropathy Increased in Children

Diabetes, Diabetic Nephropathy Increased in Children

Increase in prevalence from 2002-2013, with highest prevalence among those aged 12 to less than 18 years.

Iron Deficiency Linked With Elevated FGF-23 in Pediatric CKD

Iron Deficiency Linked With Elevated FGF-23 in Pediatric CKD

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Iron deficiency may contribute to the relationship between proteinuria and excess FGF-23, researchers suggested.

Most Pediatric Pyeloplasty Patients Have Imaging Within a Year

Most Pediatric Pyeloplasty Patients Have Imaging Within a Year

Within first 12 months, 91% undergo at least 1 imaging study, most often ultrasound.

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