Pediatric Urology

Kidney Stones More Likely in Asthmatic Children

Kidney Stones More Likely in Asthmatic Children

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Cleveland Clinic study found a 4-fold greater prevalence of nephrolithiasis among children with asthma compared with the general pediatric population.

Guideline Confirmed for UTI in Children With Fever

Guideline Confirmed for UTI in Children With Fever

The researchers reaffirmed the 2011 UTI clinical practice guideline on infants and young children and reiterated the seven key action statements.

Race, Procedure Type Influence Morbidity in Pediatric Surgery Patients

Race, Procedure Type Influence Morbidity in Pediatric Surgery Patients

Increased 30-day morbidity for black race, bladder and urinary diversion operations.

Antibiotic Resistance in Children With UTIs a Growing Problem

Antibiotic Resistance in Children With UTIs a Growing Problem

Could lead to greater reliance on much more costly intravenous medications.

Mirabegron Found to Relieve Refractory OAB in Children

Mirabegron Found to Relieve Refractory OAB in Children

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Patients' median bladder capacity improved from 150 to 200 mL and continence improved in nearly 90% of patients.

Kidney Stone Cases Rising Among Blacks, Teens

Kidney Stone Cases Rising Among Blacks, Teens

Researchers also report growing number of cases among women and children.

Pediatric UTI Treatment Success More Likely with Cephalexin

Pediatric UTI Treatment Success More Likely with Cephalexin

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The cephalosporin antibiotic proved more effective than trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and amoxicillin.

Child Cancer Survivors at Increased Risk of Bowel Obstruction

Child Cancer Survivors at Increased Risk of Bowel Obstruction

Survivors of childhood cancer, especially those with abdominopelvic tumors, have higher long-term risk.

Ultrasound Overused in Boys With Undescended Testicles

Ultrasound Overused in Boys With Undescended Testicles

Use of ultrasound tied to delays in surgical management, unnecessary expenditures.

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Rates Still Low

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Rates Still Low

In the U.S., Virginia and Washington, D.C., are the only jurisdictions that require HPV vaccination.

Hospital Volume Impacts Post-Op Urologic Complications in Children

Hospital Volume Impacts Post-Op Urologic Complications in Children

Risk of postoperative complications increased for pediatric patients at non-high volume hospitals.

Flexible Ureteroscopy May Beat ESWL for Pediatric Stone Patients

Flexible Ureteroscopy May Beat ESWL for Pediatric Stone Patients

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Flexible ureteroscopy achieved a stone-free rate nearly twice as high as that achieved with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.

Horseshoe Kidney May Raise UTI Risk in Kids

Horseshoe Kidney May Raise UTI Risk in Kids

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Children with horsehoe kidney might be examined for additional urologic and nonurologic abnormalities, researchers suggest.

Pre-Natal Phthalate Exposure May Affect Male Fertility

Pre-Natal Phthalate Exposure May Affect Male Fertility

Shorter anogenital distance has been linked to infertility and low sperm count

Bullying Linked to LUTS in Children

Bullying Linked to LUTS in Children

Vancouver Symptom Score linked to bullying victimization and perpetrator scores

Neonatal Circumcision Benefits Outweigh Risks

Neonatal Circumcision Benefits Outweigh Risks

Findings add evidence to support the American Academy of Pediatrics' infant circumcision policy.

Ultrasound for Genitourinary Problems in Kids Falls Short

Ultrasound for Genitourinary Problems in Kids Falls Short

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It is poor at detecting vesicoureteral reflux in children who have had a febrile urinary tract infection.

More Kids Undergoing Minimally Invasive Nephrectomy

More Kids Undergoing Minimally Invasive Nephrectomy

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From 1998-2010, the rate rose from 1.1% to 11.6%, study reveals.

Bicycling Leads All Sports in Genitourinary Injuries

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Researcher calculates that 43,200 such injuries occurred in the U.S. from 2002-2010.

UTI Risk Unaffected by Catheter Type

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Total weeks of self-reported UTI in children with spina bifida were similar with hydrophilic single-use and multi-use PVC catheters.

NSAID-Related Acute Kidney Injury in Children Characterized

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In a study, it accounted for 2.7% of AKI cases.

In pediatric renal stone cases for which either shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) or ureteroscopy would be appropriate, which approach do you prefer?

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Researchers recently published a study showing that the proportion of pediatric kidney stone cases treated with ureteroscopy has increased significantly relative to the use of SWL.

Enterococcal UTIs May Signal Underlying Urinary Problems in Children

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Community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children caused by enterococcal bacteria are associated with a high rate of underlying urinary abnormalities, a study found.

Procedure Eases Post-Nephrectomy Scarring

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A Texas pediatric urologist has developed a new procedure that helps eliminate scarring following nephrectomy.

Flexible Ureteroscopy Safe, Effective for Pediatric Ureteral Stones

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Pediatric ureteroscopy is safe and effective for treating all upper ureter calculi, but complete stone clearance after a single ureteroscopy is more effective if the calculi is single, under 10 mm in diameter, and below the level of pelviureteral junction (PUJ), according to a study.

Urolithiasis Cases Up at Pediatric Hospitals

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The number of children with urolithiasis seen across 42 U.S. pediatric hospitals rose from 125 in 1999 to 1,398 in 2008, according to a recent analysis of data from the Pediatric Health Information System (J Urol. 2010;184:1100-1105).

Younger, Older Kids Pass Stones at Similar Rates

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Children younger than 10 years are as likely to pass stones as older children, according to a study published in The Journal of Urology (2009;181:2267-2271).

Hypospadias on the Rise

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Researchers have identified a rising prevalence of hypospadias in Danish boys, according to a report in European Urology (2009; published online ahead of print).

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