Nutrition

Olfactory Deficits, Malnutrition Markers Linked in CKD, ESRD Patients

Olfactory Deficits, Malnutrition Markers Linked in CKD, ESRD Patients

By

Pilot study suggests intranasal theophylline may be worth further investigation as a treatment.

Adopting a Healthy Diet at Any Age Can Increase Survival

Adopting a Healthy Diet at Any Age Can Increase Survival

The researchers found, a 20-percentile improvement in diet quality was linked to an 8% to 17% decrease in the risk of early all-cause mortality.

Healthcare Workers at High Risk of Vitamin D Deficiency

Healthcare Workers at High Risk of Vitamin D Deficiency

The team noted that indoor workers had lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels compared to outdoor workers.

Sodium in Packaged Foods Declining in US

Sodium in Packaged Foods Declining in US

The survey of 172,042 households found that between 2000 and 2014 the amount of salt in the packaged food and drinks people bought was reduced by nearly 396 mg.

Replacing Saturated Fats Effective at Reducing CVD Risk

Replacing Saturated Fats Effective at Reducing CVD Risk

A healthy diet should focus on healthy foods rich in nutrients that can help reduce disease risk, like poly- and monounsaturated vegetable oils, nuts, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, and others.

Drug, Herb Interactions Common in Cancer Patients

Drug, Herb Interactions Common in Cancer Patients

There was an independent association for concomitant use of at least two drugs with high risk of a clinically significant DDI.

Americans Overusing Vitamin D Supplements

Americans Overusing Vitamin D Supplements

The researchers said the trends of increasing use of supplemental vitamin D were found across most age groups, genders, races, and ethnicities.

CKD Linked to High Intake of Red, Processed Meat

CKD Linked to High Intake of Red, Processed Meat

By

Chronic kidney disease stage 3 is 23% more likely to develop in individuals in the highest versus lowest quintile of consumption of red and processed meat.

Moderate Alcohol Consumption May Lead to Adverse Brain Outcomes

Moderate Alcohol Consumption May Lead to Adverse Brain Outcomes

The researchers found that higher alcohol consumption was associated with increased odds of hippocampal atrophy in a dose-dependent manner.

Snacking on Chocolate May Lower Atrial-Fibrillation Risk

Snacking on Chocolate May Lower Atrial-Fibrillation Risk

Compared with individuals reporting chocolate intake less than once per month, the rate of AF was lower for people consuming chocolate regularly.

Gout Risk Is Lower Among Healthier Eaters

Gout Risk Is Lower Among Healthier Eaters

By

A DASH-style diet is associated with a reduced risk of gout, whereas a Western diet is associated with a higher risk.

Following Low Sodium Recs May Not Lower BP

Following Low Sodium Recs May Not Lower BP

Dietary sodium intake guidelines may be misguided.

Eliminating Phosphorus Food Additives Does Not Compromise Nutrition

Eliminating Phosphorus Food Additives Does Not Compromise Nutrition

By

Replacing foods containing phosphorus-based additives with similar foods not containing these additives can control hyperphospatemia without interfering with nutritional status.

25 Food Categories Account for Sodium Overload

25 Food Categories Account for Sodium Overload

A majority of sodium consumed was from food obtained at stores; however, sodium density was highest in food obtained at restaurants.

Poor Diet Blamed for Nearly 1 in 2 Heart Disease, Stroke, T2DM Deaths

Poor Diet Blamed for Nearly 1 in 2 Heart Disease, Stroke, T2DM Deaths

The largest numbers of diet-related cardiometabolic deaths were related to high sodium, low nuts/seeds, high processed meats, low seafood omega-3 fats, low vegetables, low fruits, and high SSBs.

Genetic Hyperglycemia Ups CAD Risk, Apart From T2DM

Genetic Hyperglycemia Ups CAD Risk, Apart From T2DM

Hyperglycemia from genetics increases the risk of coronary artery disease separately from type 2 diabetes and other CAD risk factors.

Low Sodium Diet May Reduce Nighttime Urination

Low Sodium Diet May Reduce Nighttime Urination

Research on nighttime urination usually focuses on reducing the amount of water a patient drinks, and the daily salt intake is generally not considered.

Animal or Plant Protein Diet Aids Metabolism in Type 2 Diabetes

Animal or Plant Protein Diet Aids Metabolism in Type 2 Diabetes

Isocaloric diets high in animal or plant protein allow similar improvements of metabolism and cardiovascular risk factors in T2DM patients.

Heart Failure Patients May Benefit From Omega-3 Supplements

Heart Failure Patients May Benefit From Omega-3 Supplements

Overall, patients on omega-3 supplements had an 8% lower risk of total mortality or hospitalization for cardiovascular disease over 4 years.

Hypertensive Americans Still Consuming Excess Sodium

Hypertensive Americans Still Consuming Excess Sodium

People with high blood pressure consumed an average of 2,900 mg of sodium per day in 1999 and 3350 mg per day in 2012, for an overall average daily sodium intake of 3100 mg.

Dietary Potassium Lowers CVD, CKD Risks, Regardless of Sodium

Dietary Potassium Lowers CVD, CKD Risks, Regardless of Sodium

Numerous population studies demonstrate a relationship between higher dietary K+ and lower blood pressure regardless of sodium intake.

Advanced CKD Patients May Benefit From Dietary Therapy

Advanced CKD Patients May Benefit From Dietary Therapy

By

Few nephrologists currently prescribe nutritional regimens for their patients approaching the need for renal replacement therapy or who already require it.

Plasma TMAO May Help Predict Cardiovascular Mortality Risk

Plasma TMAO May Help Predict Cardiovascular Mortality Risk

Plasma TMAO levels among patients predict both near- and long-term risks of incident cardiovascular events.

Low Salt Diet Improves Blood Pressure in CKD

Low Salt Diet Improves Blood Pressure in CKD

By

With dietitian counseling, limiting sodium to 2000 mg per daily is feasible for chronic kidney disease patients.

Eating Pattern May Affect Cardiovascular Risk

Eating Pattern May Affect Cardiovascular Risk

Irregular eating patterns appear less favorable for achieving a healthy cardiometabolic profile.

Aortic Calcification in CKD Patients Linked to Nutrition

Aortic Calcification in CKD Patients Linked to Nutrition

By

The median aortic calcification index (ACI) decreased significantly with increasing geriatric nutritional risk index tertile.

Red Yeast Rice May Pose Similar Risks to Statins

Red Yeast Rice May Pose Similar Risks to Statins

The potential safety signals of myopathies and liver injury raise the hypothesis that the safety profile of RYR is similar to that of statins.

Obesity Inadequately Addressed in Medical Licensing Exams

Obesity Inadequately Addressed in Medical Licensing Exams

Important concepts of obesity prevention and treatment were poorly represented.

DASH Deemed Best Diet of the Year

DASH Deemed Best Diet of the Year

To receive top ratings, a diet has to be relatively easy to follow, nutritious, safe, effective for weight loss, and protective against diabetes and heart disease.

Address Fatty Acid Imbalance to Fight Obesity?

Address Fatty Acid Imbalance to Fight Obesity?

Focusing exclusively on calories and energy expenditure, as opposed to science, has led to increased risk of weight gain and inflammation.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters