News In Brief

Smoking Found to Cut Gout Risk

Smoking Found to Cut Gout Risk

Analysis found that cigarette smoking was associated with a 24% overall reduction in gout risk.

Transurethral Resection (TUR) Bladder Perforation May Worsen Outcomes

Transurethral Resection (TUR) Bladder Perforation May Worsen Outcomes

Investigators report earlier bladder tumor relapse and higher risk of T-stage progression.

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Common in Intensive Care Units

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Common in Intensive Care Units

Acute kidney injury is common in critically ill surgical patients and is associated with worse survival.

Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes Similar for Obese, Non-Obese

Radical Prostatectomy Outcomes Similar for Obese, Non-Obese

Outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in obese patients are mostly comparable to non-obese patients.

Mortality in Lupus Patients Does Not Differ By Dialysis Type

Mortality in Lupus Patients Does Not Differ By Dialysis Type

Large study looked at matched pairs of lupus patients with renal disease starting dialysis with hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Drug Taken 15 Minutes Before Sexual Activity Approved

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Drug Taken 15 Minutes Before Sexual Activity Approved

FDA has approved a supplemental new drug application for Stendra (avanafil) taken early as ~15 minutes before sexual activity.

Ferric Citrate Approved for Phosphorus Control in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

Ferric Citrate Approved for Phosphorus Control in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Patients

In addition to reducing serum phosphorus levels to within the recommended range, ferric citrate increases iron stores.

Kidney Stone Burden Predicts Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Risk

Kidney Stone Burden Predicts Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Risk

A study revealed an increased risk of chronic kidney disease in patients with a cumulative stone size less than 20 mm.

BRCA2 Mutation Ups Prostate Cancer Death Risk

BRCA2 Mutation Ups Prostate Cancer Death Risk

In a study, the 12-year prostate cancer survival rate was 61.8% for men with the mutation versus 94.3% for those without it.

Two-Drug Pill Okayed for Treating Diabetes

Two-Drug Pill Okayed for Treating Diabetes

Invokamet combines in a single table canagliflozin and metformin.

Diabetic Nephropathy Linked to Hypothyroidism

Diabetic Nephropathy Linked to Hypothyroidism

Researchers find an independent association in a study of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes.

Reasons for Alpha Blocker Switch ID'd

Reasons for Alpha Blocker Switch ID'd

Lack of efficacy is the main reason for the switch.

Urodynamic Studies On the Upswing

Urodynamic Studies On the Upswing

Urodynamic studies for female Medicare patients increased by 29% from 2000 to 2010.

Prior Cancer Ups Death Risk After Kidney Transplantation

Prior Cancer Ups Death Risk After Kidney Transplantation

A pre-transplant history of malignancy increases the 10-year post-transplant mortality risk by 22%.

Stroke Risk Higher in Patients Who Recover from Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

Stroke Risk Higher in Patients Who Recover from Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

Taiwan study reveals a 25% increased risk of stroke among patients who recover from dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury.

Partial Nephrectomy Superior Despite Kidney Tumor Size

Partial Nephrectomy Superior Despite Kidney Tumor Size

Renal function is preserved better compared with radical nephrectomy even when tumors are larger than the traditional 4 cm cutoff.

FDA Okays Rapid-Acting Inhaled Insulin

FDA Okays Rapid-Acting Inhaled Insulin

Afrezza is administered at the start of each meal or within 20 minutes after starting a meal.

Ureteroscopy Use for Stones Increasing

Ureteroscopy Use for Stones Increasing

Researchers found increasing use of ureteroscopy and decreasing use of shock wave lithotripsy.

Citrus Fruit May Lower Bladder Cancer Risk

Citrus Fruit May Lower Bladder Cancer Risk

Meta-analysis demonstrates a protective effect with high intake.

Homocysteine Levels Elevated in Gout Patients

Homocysteine Levels Elevated in Gout Patients

Korean study also revealed an inverse association between serum homocysteine levels and renal function.